Презентация "British Traditional Foods"
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British Traditional Foods.
Выполнила Кузнецова М.В.
ГОУ СОШ № 188,
Санкт-Петербург 2014 г.
1. Meals and meal times.
5.Fish and chips.
6. Traditional drinks.
7. Afternoon tea and High tea in England.
8. Special foods.
9. Pudding and Desserts.
10. Pies in England.
11. English cheeses.
12. What food is “invented” or “discovered” in England?
13. Eating etiquette.
MEALS AND MEAL TIMES
We have three main meals a day:
- Breakfast - 7:00 - 9:00,
- Lunch - 12:00 1:30 p.m.
- Dinner (sometimes called Supper) - The main meal.
6:30 - 8:00 p.m. (Evening meal)
- Tea - 5:30 - 6:30 p.m.
On Sundays the main meal of the day is often eaten at midday instead of in the evening. This meal usually is a Roast Dinner consisting of a roast meat, Yorkshire pudding and two or three kinds of vegetables.
British food has traditionally been based on beef, lamb, pork, chicken and fish and generally served with potatoes and one other vegetable. Some of our main dishes have strange names like Bubble & Squeak and Toad-in-the-Hole.
What is a typical English Breakfast?
Most people around the world seem to think a typical English breakfast consists of eggs, bacon, sausages, fried bread, mushrooms and baked beans all washed down with a cup of coffee. Now-a-days, however, a typical English breakfast is more likely to be a bowl of cereals, a slice of toast, orange juice and a cup of coffee.
A bowl of cereal is made with different grains such as corn, wheat, oats etc.
The traditional English breakfast which is called The Full English consists of eggs, bacon, sausages, fried bread, baked beans and mushrooms. Even though not many people will eat this for breakfast today, it is always served in hotels and guest houses around Britain.
Many children at school and adults at work will have a 'packed lunch'. This typically consists of a sandwich, a packet of crisps, a piece of fruit and a drink. The 'packed lunch' is kept in a plastic container.
Sandwiches are also known as a 'butty' or 'sarnie' in some parts of the UK.
Lots of people prefer prawn and mayonnaise, tuna and mayonnaise and ham and pickle sandwiches.
What is a typical British lunch?
The Sunday Roast Dinner.
Sunday lunch time is a typical time to eat the traditional Sunday Roast.
In British schools, children can usually choose between a hot or cold dinner provided by the school or a packed lunch taken from home.
Some children are entitled to a free school dinner, but most children pay for theirs.
Our lunch break is from 12.15 noon to 1.15 p.m. and children may have a school meal or bring a packed lunch.
School lunches are priced at £1.60.
Pasta twirls * Mince beef * Lasagna
A typical British meal for dinner is "meat and two veg". We put hot brown gravy, (traditionally made from the juices of the roast meat, but more often today from a packet!) on the meat and usually the vegetables. One of the vegetables is almost always potatoes.
What is a typical British Dinner like today?
The traditional meal is rarely eaten nowadays, apart from on Sundays. A recent survey found that most people in Britain eat curry! Rice or pasta dishes are now favoured as the 'British Dinner'.
What is a traditional British Dinner?
Vegetables grown in England, like potatoes, carrots, peas, cabbages and onions, are still very popular.
The Sunday Roast Dinner
Sunday lunch time is a typical time to eat the traditional Sunday Roast.
Traditionally it consists of roast meat, (cooked in the oven for about two hours), two different kinds of vegetables and potatoes with a Yorkshire pudding. The most common joints are beef, lamb or pork; chicken is also popular.
Beef is eaten with hot white horseradish sauce, pork with sweet apple sauce and lamb with green mint sauce. Gravy is poured over the meat.
Fish and Chips
Take-away meals are very popular and most towns have a selection of Indian, Italian, Chinese and Greek Restaurants. You will also find Macdonalds, Burger King and Subway.
Fish and chips is the classic English take-away food and is the traditional national food of England. It became popular in the 1860's when railways began to bring fresh fish straight from the east coast to the our cities over night.
The fish (cod, haddock, huss, plaice) is deep fried in flour batter and is eaten with chips. Traditionally, the fish and chips are covered with salt and malt vinegar .
Traditional Drinks in Britain
Britain is a tea-drinking nation. Every day we drink 165 million cups of the stuff and each year around 144 thousand tons of tea are imported.
Coffee is now as popular in Britain as tea is . People either drink it with milk or have it black and either have freshly- made coffee or instant coffee.
Tea breaks are when tea and biscuits are served. The traditional time for tea breaks are at 11:00 am (Elevensee) and 4 pm in the afternoon.
If someone asks you if you 'would like a cuppa', they are asking if you would like a cup of tea.
If someone says 'let me be mother' or 'shall I be mother', they are offering to pour out the tea from the teapot.
Did you know?
If something is not quite to your taste, it’s probably 'not your cup of tea'.
Afternoon Tea and High Tea in England
AFTERNOON TEA (The traditional 4 o'clock tea).
This is a small meal, not a drink.
Traditionally it consists of tea (or coffee) served with:
Freshly baked scones served with cream and jam.
Afternoon tea sandwiches - thinly sliced cucumber
sandwiches with the crusts cut off.
Afternoon tea is not common these days because most adults go out to work. However, you can still have Afternoon tea at the many tea rooms around England.
Afternoon tea became popular about one hundred and fifty years ago, when rich ladies invited their friends to their houses for an afternoon cup of tea. They started offering their visitors sandwiches and cakes.
HIGH TEA (The traditional 6 o'clock tea).
The British working population didn’t have Afternoon Tea. They had a meal about midday, and a meal after work, between five and seven o'clock. This meal was called 'high tea' or just 'tea'.
Traditionally eaten early evening, High tea was a substantial meal that combined delicious sweet foods, such as scones, cakes, buns or tea breads with cheese on toast, toasted crumpets, cold meats and pickles or poached eggs on toast. This meal is now often replaced with a supper due to people eating their main meal in the evenings rather than at midday.
What special foods are eaten during festivals in England?
In England, we have special foods connected with certain festivals.
Hot cross buns
Lamb is considered to be the traditional meat for Easter due to its religious connections. Many different religions throughout the ages have ritually sacrificed lambs in honour of their respective gods.
Chicken has long been a modern favourite for Easter Sunday dinner mainly due to the baby (spring) chicken being associated with birth and new life. Chicken is also less expensive than lamb these days, which helps to explain its popularity.
Special bread, made to look like sheaves of wheat.
Jacket potatoes cooked in foil in the fire.
Turkey, vegetables, stuffing, bread sauce, cranberry sauce and gravy.
Christmas pudding flamidyng with bran.
Spotted Dick (Spotted dick Also called Spotted Dog) is a steamed suet pudding containing dried fruit (usually currants), commonly served with either custard or butter and brown sugar.
Often served with thick cream, ice cream or custard.
A pudding is the dessert course of a meal (“pud” is used informally). In Britain, we also use the words “dessert”, “sweet'' and “afters”.
Puddings and Desserts
Bread and butter pudding - old English favourite. .
Not all our puddings are sweet puddings, some are eaten during the starter or main course like Yorkshire Pudding and Black Pudding.
What is a Pudding ?
Pies in England
Pies are a baked dish consisting of a filling such as chopped meat or fruit enclosed in or covered with pastry ( a mixture of flour and butter).
Favourite meat (savoury) pies include:
A pork pie consists of pork and pork jelly in a hot water crust pastry and is normally eaten cold.
Steak and Kidney pie
A traditional English dish consisting of a cooked mixture of chopped beef, kidneys, onions, mushrooms and beef stock. This mixture is placed in a pie or casserole dish, covered with a pastry crust.
Pies are very popular in England.
Cornish pastie /
A type of pie, originating in Cornwall, South West England. It is an oven-cooked pastry case traditionally filled with diced meat - nowadays beef mince or steak - potato, onion and swede. It has a semicircular shape.
Cornish pastie in the days of the miners, used to be half savoury and half sweet, all wrapped in one piece of pastry. That way it was like a main course and dessert.
Cornish Pastie with chips, baked beans and salad.
World's Biggest Pie.
The first recorded making of a pie in the village was in 1788 to celebrate the recovery of King George III from mental illness. Since that time nine other pies have been baked, usually to coincide with a special event or to raise money for a local cause.
Every now and then the villagers of Denby Dale, near Huddersfield, Yorkshire bake the world's biggest meat and potato pie.
The Romans introduced cheeses to England.
Cheese is enjoyed by over 98% of households in England.
Cheddar is a clear favourite, accounting for over 57% of the market, and is bought regularly by 94% of households. It is a hard cheese with a strong, nutty taste.
Cheddar originates from a village in Somerset in western England, also famous for its gorge. There are six varieties of cheddar .
Many cheeses are named after the place or area they are made in England. These English cheeses include Caerphilly, Cheshire, Derby, Double Gloucester, Lancashire, Red Leicester, Stilton and Wensleydale.
English people have a great love for cheese and over 400 varieties of cheese are produced in England.
Interesting fact :
Marmite was invented in England in 1902.
Marmite is dark brown-coloured savoury spread made from the yeast that is a by-product of the brewing industry. It has a very strong, slightly salty flavour. It is definitely a love-it-or-hate-it type of food.
What food was "invented" or discovered in England?
The sandwich was invented in England in 1762.
We have a town named Sandwich in the south of England. John Montagu, the Earl of Sandwich invented a small meal that could be eaten with one hand while he continued his nonstop gambling.
HP Sauce was invented in England at the end of the 19th century by Mr FG Garton, a Nottingham grocer.
- The British generally pay a lot of attention to good table manners. Even young children are expected to eat properly with knife and fork.
- We eat most of our food with cutlery. The foods we don't eat with a knife, fork or spoon include sandwiches, crisps, corn on the cob, and fruit.
- Things you should not do:
- Never lick or put your knife in your mouth.
- It is impolite to start eating before everyone has been served unless your host says that you don't need to wait.
- Never chew with your mouth open. No one wants to see food being chewed or hearing it being chomped on.
- It is impolite to have your elbows on the table while you are eating.
- Don't reach over someone's plate for something, ask for the item to be passed.
- Never talk with food in your mouth.
- It is impolite to put too much food in your mouth.
- Never use your fingers to push food onto your spoon or fork.
- It is impolite to slurp your food or eat noisily.
- Never blow your nose on a napkin (serviette). Napkins are for dabbing your lips and only for that.
- Never take food from your neighbours plate.
- Never pick food out of your teeth with your fingernails.
What should I do or not do when I am eating in Britain?
When you have finished eating, and to let others know that you have, place your knife and folk together, with facing upwards, on your plate.
What do you say or do if you've accidentally taken too much food and you cannot possibly eat it all?
"I'm sorry, but it seems that 'my eyes are bigger than my stomach'.
"I'm sorry. It was so delicious but I am full".
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