Children in Britain don’t have to go to school until they reach the age of five & only very few go to nursery schools before that. In nursery schools the children learn such things as numbers, letters, colours & may begin to read & write.
Secondary education in GB
.Primary education takes place in infant schools (pupils aged from 4/5 to 7 year) and junior schools (from 8 to 11 years). Secondary schools are much larger than primary schools & they take pupils from the age of 11/12 up to 18.
Compulsory secondary education lasts five years. Traditionally secondary schools are divided into five years called forms . Unlike Russian schoolchildren English pupils go to the first form only when they are 11/12 years old. They finish school after the the fifth form at the age of 16. After that they may either leave school or continue their education in the sixth form.
Nowadays most British children (over 80 per sent) go to state comprehensive schools. They take pupils of all abilities without any exams.
Comprehensive schools offer a wide choice of subjects from art & craft to the sciences & computer studies.
Pupils at comprehensive schools are often put into “sets” according to their abilities.
.Before comprehensive schools were introduced in 1965 by the British government all children took an exam at the age of 11 called “eleven plus”. Those who got the best results at this exam (about 20 per cent) were chosen to go to “grammar schools”, which gave secondary education of a rather high standard. Those who failed 11+ (about 80 per cent) went to secondary modern schools. Secondary modern schools gave secondary education only in name & did not prepare schoolchildren for universities. A lot of people in Britain thought that this system was unfair .
. At the end of the fifth form pupils take their first public exam for the General Certificate of Secondary Education (GCSE).
Many people decide to leave school at the age of 16, & they can go to a Further Education College where they choose more practical courses, for example, engineering, typing, hairdressing
Pupils who stay on into the sixth form, lasting two years, prepare for their “A” Level exam. Good “A” Level results in two-five subjects are necessary to get a place at one of British universities
Education makes people easy to lead, but difficult to drive; easy to govern, but impossible to enslave.” Henry Peter Brougham