Конспект урока "The United Nations" 11 класс


English Lesson.
Subject: The United Nations
The 11
th
form, school for advanced learners of English
Teacher: A. M. Kuznetsova
School 11, Vladikavkaz
2004
Lesson Notes.
Subject: The United Nations.
Objective: To teach to work in groups; to introduce the information about the
United Nations, its agencies and its work.
Aids: a poster with the emblems, a picture of the UN headquarters, texts, cards,
tables.
The Course of the lesson.
I. Org. moment. Speech drills. (The whole group work: T-Pl, T-P2, T-P3 etc.)
T: Today we'll speak about the United Nations. I think you've already learnt some
facts about it, haven't you?
1. What is the United Nations?
As I know, it is an international union of
countries.
2. How many countries does it consist
of?
I don't know the exact number, I remem-
ber, it consists of about 180 countries.
3. When was it founded?
I believe, it was founded in 1945, after
World War II.
4. What city was chosen to be the UN
headquarters?
As far as I remember, it was New York.
5. Who is the General Secretary now?
I'm sure, the General Secretary is Coffi
Annan. I've heard he was born in Ghana.
He was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in
2001.
6. What are the main aims of UN?
I suppose, they are to protect world peace,
to help developing countries, to solve
global problems.
7. What are the working languages?
I remember, they are English, French,
Russian, Spanish, Chinese and Arabic.
II. T: Now, students, we'll try to learn some more information about the UN, its
agencies and its work. We'll divide into 3 groups. Each of you will get a text. Your task is
to read your texts and to fill in your part of the table.
/Students are dividing into 3 groups, choosing colour cards: green table, blue table,
yellow table. Every colour card has a number 1,2, 3. They sit-down at 3 tables with the
flag of the colour. Every student gets the text:
No.l General Assembly
No.2 Security Council
No.3 UNESCO
Every student gets a sheet of paper with the table/.
You have 5 minutes to read your text.
Now, find your partners in other groups with the same texts and exchange
opinions.
Fill in your part of the table.
e.g.
Name
Members are
Goals
General Assembly
All member states (180)
Discuss any international
problem...
Now, students, return to your "colour" groups and present the information you've
learnt to your partners in turn. They should fill in the table. You have 7-10 minutes.
e.g. P2: I've read the passage about the Security Council. Five of its members -
China, France, the Russian Federation, the United Kingdom and the United States are
permanent. The other nations are elected to serve two-years term. It strives to achieve
international peace and security and intervenes in crisis.
P3: I've learnt about UNESCO. 158 countries are members of it. International
intellectual cooperation remains UNESCO's prime objective.
T: Well, students, let's sum up what you've learnt. Lena, what agency is Text 1
about?
(Lena is a student who hasn't read this text but got the information from her
partner): Text 1 is about General Assembly. It includes all member states. Its goal is to
discuss any international problem.
T: Well, what is Text 2 about?
P2: It's about the Security Council. Five countries are permanent members of it.
They are... The main aim of the Council is...
T: What is Text 3 about?
P3: It's about UNESCO. It consists of 158 countries. The main aim of UNESCO is
international intellectual cooperation.
That's OK, students. Now, you see, each of you read only one text but learnt the
information of 3 texts.
GENERAL ASSEMBLY
The General Assembly is the governing body of the
UN, and has regular sessions each year from mid-
September to mid-December. Special sessions are also
held when the Security Council or a majority of
members request one. All member states are represented
with an equal vote, regardless of size. The General
Assembly may discuss any international problem raised
by the members or by other UN bodies. While it cannot
enact laws, recommendations strongly influence world
opinion; these require a two-thirds majority vote.
Lots are drawn before each session to determine the
seating in the chamber for the delegations. All 2,070
seats in the chamber are equipped with earphones which
offer simultaneous translations in several languages. The
General Assembly also appoints the Secretary General
(on the recommendation of the Security Council),
approves the UN budgets and elects the non-permanent
members of the Councils. Together with the Security
Council, it also appoints the judges of the International
Court of Justice based in the Netherlands.
SECURITY COUNCIL
The most powerful part of the UN is the Security
Council. It strives to achieve international peace and
security, and intervenes in crises such as the fighting in
Kuwait or the former Yugoslavia. It is the only body
whose decisions member states are obliged to obey, and
the only one in continuous session.
Five of its members China, France, the Russian
Federation, the United Kingdom and the United States
are permanent. The other nations are elected by the
General Assembly to serve two-year terms.
When international conflicts arise, the Council's first
tries to seek agreement by mediation. If fighting breaks
out, it may issue cease-fire orders and impose military or
economic sanctions. It could also decide to send UN
peacekeeping missions into troubled areas to separate
opposing factions until issues can be resolved through
diplomatic channels.
Military intervention is the Council's last resort. UN
forces may be deployed, and peace-keeping forces are
resident in places such as Cyprus and the Middle East.
WHAT IS UNESCO?
UNESCO, the United National Educational,
Scientific and Cultural Organization, is a Specialized
Agency of the United Nations.
Formed to keep a watchful eye on developments in
the world and help Member States find answers to the
key problems that beset our societies in the areas within
its competence, UNESCO is involved in a broad range
of activities. Thus the term "science" also covers areas
belonging to both the social and human sciences, and
although its acronym makes no mention of
communication, UNESCO plays a crucial role in fields
ranging from information exchange to the establishment
of communication infrastructure.
UNESCO's Constitution says that "since wars begin
in the minds of men, it is in the minds of men that the
defences of peace must be constructed." Building these
defences through international intellectual cooperation
remains UNESCO's prime objective.
UNESCO also contributes to the translation of
certain masterpieces of world literature and the
recording of traditional music from all regions of the
world, and participates in the prevention of drug abuse
and AIDS through educational programmes and through
a centre set up to gather, assess and distribute
educational material on AIDS prevention.
III. UN Agencies. Cooperative Learning.
T: Let's divide into 2 groups according to your dates of birth. Stand in a line. Show
your dates of birth on the sheets of paper. You'll be the first and the second groups.
Task. Each group will get a list of the UN agencies and short passages about their
activities. You should work in groups and match the manes of the agencies with their
activities (V. V. Safonova's textbook, English X-XI pp.26-27). You have 5-6 min. You
should comment on your choice in one sentence. The other group will agree or disagree.
e-g-
PI (from group 1): We consider number 1 is International Atomic Energy Agency
because its aims are to accelerate and enlarge the contribution of atomic energy to peace,
health and prosperity throughout the globe.
P2 (from group 2): We agree that this agency's goal is to prevent diversion of
atomic energy from peaceful purposes to military ends.
P3 (from group 2): We are sure number 6 is United Nations Environment
Programme, because it monitors the state of environment.
P4 (from group 1): You are right it promotes environmentally sound
developments throughout the world. Etc.
IV. Global problems.
T: The next part of our lesson we'll discuss some global problems. (Case Method).
Let's make our "colour" groups once again. You know, there are a lot of problems
nowadays. Your home task was to watch TV current affairs programmes during a week
and to see what the main global problems are today.
Please, make up your own list of five problems (each student makes up his/her
list). What problems have you mentioned? PI, P2, P3 read their lists aloud. T: Have you
got anything in common? Class: Yes, we have.
T: Now, your task is to make up a list of global problems within your group. Each
group reads its list in turn. They again have mentioned the same problems. T: Now, we'll
make up one list for the whole class on the blackboard. The students suggest the
problems and the teacher writes them on the blackboard. As you've read, the UN already
has special agencies to solve some of these problems. Can you name them? (The students
name the agencies and the teacher marks them on the blackboard).
T: Now, think and say what agencies should be organized within the United
Nations to solve nowadays problems
Global Problems
Agencies, that are working
Ecology
+
Terrorism
Education
+
Poverty
+
Wars
+
Drugs
T: So, students, at the next lesson we'll try to write an official letter to the United
Nations with our worries and suggestions. Try your pen at home, please.
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United
Nations
International Fund for Agricultural Development
General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade
International Trade Organization
United Nations Disaster Relief Coordinator
United Nations Educational
Scientific and Cultural Organization
International Atomic Energy Agency
International Bank of Reconstruction and Development
United Nations International Children's Emergency Fund
United Nations Centre for Human Settlements
International Aviation Organization
International Telecommunication Union
International Development Association
International Finance Association
International Labour Organization
International Monetary Fund
United Nations Conference on Trade and Development
United Nations Environment Programme
United Nations Fund for Population Activities
United Nations High Commission for Refugees
United Nations Institute for Training and Research
Name
Thee year
when
established
Responsibilities
Headquarters
1957
To accelerate and enlarge the
contribution of atomic energy to
peace, health and prosperity
throughout the world and to prevent
its diversion from peaceful
purposes to military ends.
Vienna
1945
To promote international monetary
cooperation and to help remedy any
serious disequilibrium in a
country's balance of payments by
allowing it to draw on the resources
of the Fund while it takes measures
to correct the imbalance.
Washington,
DC
1977
To mobilize funds for agricultural
and rural development.
Rome
1953
To meet the emergency needs of
children in developing countries.
New York
1972
To provide a 24-hour service for
monitoring natural disasters and
emergencies; to promote disaster
prevention; and to coordinate
preparedness and relief.
Geneva
1972
To monitor the state of the environ-
ment and to promote
environmentally sound
developments throughout the
world.
Nairobi
1951
To provide international protection
for refugees and to find solutions to
their problems.
Geneva
1
2
3
Global Problems
Name
Members are
Goals
1.
2.
3.