Презентация "История развития английского языка"


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The Russian Embassy school in Alger presents

Средняя общеобразовательная школа при Посольстве РФ в Алжире

Презентация для участия в конкурсе «Школьная планета МИД»

по учебному предмету «Английский язык»

На тему «История развития английского языка»

Алжир

2015

Автор:

Мухаметьянова Д.Ф.

Учитель английского языка

СОШ при Посольстве РФ в Алжире

The Russian Embassy school in Algiers presents

Great Contributors to the Wealth of the English Language

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Brilliant ideas belong to Gelya Zyryanova (7th grade pupil)

Project manager – D.Mukhametyanova, teacher of English

All you need to know about the Project

Motherland of the Project - Algiers, 2016

We aim to:

  • Study great contributors to the wealth of the English language.
  • Learn how to extract information from Student`s book, Activity book, Internet, etc.
  • Develop PowerPoint and Microsoft Office skills.
  • Develop communicative skills (spoken and written English).
  • Gain and develop leadership and good team player skills.

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All you need to know about the Project

Literature Study Importance :

Reading and studying literature is very important for various reasons as outlined below:

  • Literature improves your command of language.
  • It teaches you about the life, cultures and experiences of people in other parts of the world.
  • It gives you information about other parts of the world which you may never be able to visit in your lifetime.

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  • Old English Literature
    • Cædmon's Hymn & Beowulf
  • Middle English Literature
    • Early period
    • Late Period (slide 1)
    • Late period (slide 2)
  • English Renaissance
    • Shakespeare
  • Neo-Classical Period
    • Restoration Age: 1660–1700
    • Augustan literature (1700–1750)
    • Age of sensibility: 1750–1798
  • 19th Century Literature
  • English Literature Since 19th Century
  • Modern Literature

Short Project Summary

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Cædmon's Hymn & Beowulf

One of two candidates for the earliest surviving copy of Cædmon's Hymn  which is held by the Cambridge University Library. The other candidate is St. Petersburg,National Library of Russia.

7th century

Cædmon's Hymn is a short Old English poem originally composed by Cædmon, in honour of God the Creator. It survives in a Latin translation by Bede.

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Beowulf  is an Old English epic poem, one of the oldest surviving long poem in Old English and is commonly cited as one of the most important works of Old English literature.

8-10th century

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Early period

Law French became the standard language of courts, parliament, and polite society.

Term or phrase

Literal translation

Definition and use

attorney

appointed (Old Frenchatorné)

attorney-at-law (lawyer, equiv. to a solicitor and barrister) or attorney-in-fact (one who has power of attorney)

chose

thing (from Latin causa, "cause")

thing, usually as in phrases: "chose in action" and "chose in possession".

force majeure

modern French, "superior force"

clause in some contracts that frees parties from liability for acts of God

jury

Anglo-Norman jurée "oath, legal inquiry"

a group of citizens sworn for a common purpose

mortgage

"dead pledge" (Old Frenchmort gaige)

now a variety of security interests, either made by conveyance or hypothecation, but originally a pledge by which the landowner remained in possession of the property he staked as security.

parole

word, speech (ultimately from Latin parabola, parable)

the release of prisoners based on giving their word of honour to abide by certain restrictions.

Early period

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  • The Norman dialects of the ruling classes became Anglo-Norman, and Anglo-Saxon underwent a gradual transition into Middle English.

Early period

  • The Ormulum or Orrmulum is a twelfth-century work of biblical exegesis, written by a monk named Orm (or Ormin) and consisting of just under 19,000 lines of early Middle English verse

Early period

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Late period

William Caxton (c. 1422 – c. 1491) was an English merchant, diplomat, writer, and printer. He is thought to be the first English person to work as a printer and the first to introduce a printing press into England, which he did in 1476.

Late period

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Caxton showing the first specimen of his printing to King Edward IV and Queen Elizabeth at the Almonry, Westminster (painting by Daniel Maclise)

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Late period

Late period

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Geoffrey Chaucer - (1343 – 25 October 1400) known as the Father of English literature, is widely considered the greatest English poet of the Middle Ages and was the first poet to be buried in Poets' Corner of Westminster Abbey.

New words invented by Geoffrey Chaucer:

(after Vivian Cook)

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Renaissance

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New words invented by Shakespear:

(after Vivian Cook)

William Shakespeare (26 April 1564 – 23 April 1616) was an English poet, playwright, and actor, widely regarded as the greatest writer in the English language and the world's pre-eminent dramatist.

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19th-century literature

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Charles Dickens

Dickens left school to work in a factory when his father was incarcerated in a debtors' prison. In his youth he was a stenographer. At the age of 20 Charles became a reporter and in mid-twenties he published debut essay- Sketches by Boz. The Adventures of Oliver Twist is the second novel by Charles Dickens, and was first published as a serial (literature). Dickens had identified that criminality was very popular as a literary theme. And he wrote about prisons and slums that knew firsthand. Dickens worked a lot on founding a newspaper – Daily News. Great Expectations (1861) – one of the last Dickens works about unexpected changes in life.

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19th-century literature

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Sir Arthur Conan Doyle

He was an author of adventure, historical, fiction and humorous stories. The most famous work of Arthur Conan Doyle is Sherlock Holmes. First edition of Sherlock Holmes was in 1891. The prototype of Sherlock Holmes was writer`s friend, the doctor worked in Edinburgh Royal Hospital. He was famous for his ability to guess a person's past and character the tiniest details. The expense of this work he became famous in life. During the 1st World War he published letters about the war in newspaper – The Times. Arthur Conan Doyle was awarded the order of the British Empire - obverse and reverse.

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English literature since 1901

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Rudyard Kipling

Kipling was born in India and only in 15 years came England. His debut was collection of poems in 1886. From 1885 traveled a lot in Asia and the USA as a newspaper correspondent. After return he published 6 books which brought the popularity. Jungle Book is well-known Kipling s work which includes :"Mowgli's Brothers", "Hunting-Song of the Seeonee Pack", "Tiger! Tiger!", "Mowgli's Song, "Rikki-Tikki-Tavi". First time was published in 1893. Rudyard Kipling is known as the first British received a Nobel prize in literature in 1907.

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Alan Alexander Milne ( 1882 -1956) - published his first book in 1905. A. A. Milne wrote a lot of poems for Christopher Robin (his son) and about him. It was published in 1924 under the name “When We Were Very Young” and sold half a million copies! In 1925 the Milnes bought a farm in Sussex for weekends away from London. From this old house it was the Ashdown Forest where Christopher Robin and his teddy used to play. Each daily adventure in the Forest gave A. A. Milne more material for his now famous book "Winny-the-Pooh "published in 1926. A. A. Milne's secret for success was that he could get inside the mind of a child. After the book " Winnie-the-Pooh "A. A. Milne wrote another book of children's verses— "Now We Are Six" and "The House at Pooh Corner" which sold to a waiting public in millions of copies. The four Pooh books are still as popular today as they were many years ago when they were written.

Alan Alexander Milne ( 1882 -1956) - published his first book in 1905. A. A. Milne wrote a lot of poems for Christopher Robin (his son) and about him. It was published in 1924 under the name “When We Were Very Young” and sold half a million copies! In 1925 the Milnes bought a farm in Sussex for weekends away from London. From this old house it was the Ashdown Forest where Christopher Robin and his teddy used to play. Each daily adventure in the Forest gave A. A. Milne more material for his now famous book "Winny-the-Pooh "published in 1926. A. A. Milne's secret for success was that he could get inside the mind of a child. After the book " Winnie-the-Pooh "A. A. Milne wrote another book of children's verses— "Now We Are Six" and "The House at Pooh Corner" which sold to a waiting public in millions of copies. The four Pooh books are still as popular today as they were many years ago when they were written.

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English literature since 1901

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English literature since 1901

Agatha Christie

Her first novel was published in 1920. Agatha Christie is one of the most famous authors of detective prose in the world. Also she is one of the most published writers in the history of mankind ( 3 place after Bible and Shakespeare). There are more than 100 book which translated into 103 languages. Circulation is more than 4 milliard copies. During the first World War worked a nurse in hospital.

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JK Rowling - writer ,film producer, author of a series of novels about Harry Potter. Was very poor and started to write only in order not to go crazy, after her mother's death. 5 years has gone from living on welfare to multimillionaire status. The series of Harry Potter books was released by Warner bros, and ranks second in the list of the most profitable movies.

JK Rowling - writer ,film producer, author of a series of novels about Harry Potter. Was very poor and started to write only in order not to go crazy, after her mother's death. 5 years has gone from living on welfare to multimillionaire status. The series of Harry Potter books was released by Warner bros, and ranks second in the list of the most profitable movies.

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Modern literature

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Conclusion

  • We have discovered that literature has strong influence on language.
  • Great Authors contributed to the wealth of the English language.
  • It is important to read in order to gain new knowledge and experience within the language.
  • Our conclusion is not final. We are still in suspense that there could be other discoveries in literature and language.

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Result of the Study

  • I have learned about great contributors to the wealth of the English language.
  • Now I know how to extract information from Student`s book, Activity book, Internet, etc.
  • I have developed my PowerPoint and Microsoft Office skills.
  • I have developed communicative skills (spoken and written English).
  • I have gained and develop leadership and good team player skills.

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Sources of information

  • All in a Word: 100 Delightful Excursions into the Uses and Abuses of Words by Vivian Cook.
  • Davies, Marion Wynne, ed. (1990), The Bloomsbury Guide to English Literature, New York: Prentice Hall.
  • Drabble, Margaret, ed. (1996), The Oxford Companion to English Literature, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Ward, AW; Waller, AR; Trent, WP; Erskine, J; Sherman, SP; Van Doren, C, eds. (1907–21), History of English and American literature (encyclopedia in eighteen volumes), New York: GP Putnam’s Sons University Press.
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