Презентация "Active & passive form"


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ACTIVE & PASSIVE FORM

ACTIVE & PASSIVE FORM

  • ACTIVE
  • PASSIVE
  • Simple Present
  • S + V1 + O
  • S + do/does + not + V1 + O
  • Do/does + S + V1 + O?
  • My father writes a letter
  • My father does not write a letter
  • Does my father write a letter?
  • Simple Present
  • …..+ is/am/are + V3 + by +….
  • …..+ is/am/are + not + V3 + by + …
  • Is/am/are + … + V3 + by + ….?
  • A letter is written by my father
  • A letter is not written by my father
  • Is a letter written by my father?
  • Simple Past
  • S + V2 + O
  • S + did + not + V1 + O
  • Did + s + V + O?
  • My father wrote a letter
  • My father did not write a letter
  • Did my father write a letter?
  • Simple Past
  • ….+ was/were + V3 + by + ….
  • ….+ was/were + not + V3 + by + ….
  • Was/were + …. + V3 + by + …..?
  • A letter was written by my father
  • A letter was not written by my father
  • Was a letter written by my father?

  • ACTIVE
  • PASSIVE
  • Present Continuous
  • S + is/am/are + Ving + O
  • S + is/am/are + not + Ving + O
  • Is/am/are + S + Ving + O?
  • My father is writing a letter
  • My father is not writing a letter
  • Is my father writing a letter?
  • Present Continuous
  • …+ is/am/are + being + V3 + by +…..
  • …+ is/am/are + not + being + V3 + by + …
  • Is/am/are+….+ being+ V3 + by + ….?
  • A letter is being written by my father
  • A letter is not being written by my father
  • Is a letter being written by my father?
  • Past Continuous
  • S + was/were + Ving + O
  • S + was/were + not + Ving + O
  • Was/were + S + Ving + O?
  • My father was writing a letter
  • My father was not writing a letter
  • Was my father writing a letter?
  • Past Continuous
  • …+was/were + being + V3 + by + …
  • …+was/were+not+being+V3+by+ ...
  • Was/were+….+ being+V3+by+….?
  • A letter was being written by my father
  • A letter was not being written by my father
  • Was a letter being written by my father?

  • ACTIVE
  • PASSIVE
  • Present Perfect
  • S + has/have + V3 + O
  • S + has/have + not + V3 + O
  • Has/have + S + V3 + O?
  • My father has written a letter
  • My father hasn’t written a letter
  • Has my father written a letter?
  • Present Perfect
  • ….+ has/have + been + V3 + by + ….
  • ….+ has/have+ not+been+V3+ by+…
  • Has/have+ ….+ been + V3 + by + ….
  • A letter has been written by my father
  • A letter hasn’t been written by my father
  • Has a letter been written by my father?
  • Past Perfect
  • S + had + V3 + O
  • S + had + not + V3 + O
  • Had + S + V3 + O ?
  • My father had written a letter
  • My father hadn’t written a letter
  • Had my father written a letter?
  • Past Perfect
  • …. + had + been + V3 + by + …..
  • ….+had + not + been + V3 + by + ….
  • Had + …. + been + V3 + by + ….
  • A letter had been written by my father
  • A letter hadn’t been written by myfather
  • Had a letter been written by my father?

  • ACTIVE
  • PASSIVE
  • Future & Past Future
  • S + modals + V1 + O
  • S + modals + not + V1 + O
  • Modals + S + V1 + O ?
  • My father will write a letter
  • My father would write a letter
  • My father will not write a letter
  • My father wouldn’t write a letter
  • Will my father write a letter?
  • Would my father write a letter?
  • Future & Past Future
  • ….+ modals+ be+ V3+ by + ….
  • ….+ modals+ not+ be+ V3+ by+…
  • Modals+ ….+ be+ V3+ by+ ….?
  • A letter will be written by my father
  • A letter would be written by my father
  • A letter will not be written by my father
  • A letter wouldn’t be written by my father
  • Will a letter be written by my father?
  • would a letter be written by my father?

  • ACTIVE
  • PASSIVE
  • Past Future Perfect
  • S + modals + have + V3 + O
  • S + modals+ not+ have+ V3+ O
  • Modals+ S+ have+ V3+ O?
  • My father would have written a letter
  • My father would not have written a letter
  • Would my father have written a letter?
  • Past Future Perfect
  • … + modals+have+ been+V3+ by+ …
  • ….+ modals+ not+ been+V3+ by+ …
  • Modals+…. + have+ been+ V3+ by+ ….?
  • A letter would have been written by my father
  • A letter would not have been written by my father
  • Would a letter have been written by my father?

Note: if the doer (someone, somebody, someone, somebody, etc) is as a subject in active so in the passive the doer like that is not necessary to write.

  • Note: if the doer (someone, somebody, someone, somebody, etc) is as a subject in active so in the passive the doer like that is not necessary to write.
  • e.g. Someone has stolen my phone cell in a train.
  • My phone cell has been stolen in a train.

Exercise

  • Exercise
  • John is calling the other members
  • Should these contracts be signed by the manager?
  • The fire has caused considerable damage
  • Thirty houses were not destroyed by the tornado
  • The company orders some new equipment
  • The president should have been called this morning.