Конспект урока "Роль нефти для промышленных стран. Активизация и закрепление лексики. Работа с лексико-грамматическим материалом по теме."


Тема: Роль нефти для промышленных стран. Активизация и закрепление лексики.
Работа с лексико-грамматическим материалом по теме.
Цели урока:
Обучающая:
1. пополнение и закрепление лексического запаса по специальности;
2. распознавание и употребление в речи изученных ранее грамматических тем
(conditionals):
3. закрепление фонетических и орфографических навыков применительно к
профессиональной лексике.
Воспитательная:
1. работа в коллективе и команде;
2. потребность к самообразованию для профессионального и личностного роста.
Развивающая:
1. подготовка к самостоятельному и непрерывному изучению иностранного языка
для развития интеллектуальных способностей обучающихся и адаптации в
окружающей среде.
Тип урока: повторительно-обобщающий
Методы обучения: диалогический, монологический, показательный, рассуждающий.
Оборудование: компьютер, грамматические таблицы, раздаточный материал.
Используемая литература: 1. John Nauton and Alison Pohl. Oxford English for careers: oil
and gas 2. 2. Nich Brieger, Alison Pohl Technical English: vocabulary and grammar. 3.
материалы сайта ВВС News.
Внутрипредметная связь: изученная лексика и выражения пройденных тем,
грамматические темы (условные предложения, понимание речи на слух и т. д. )
Межпредметная связь: химия.
1. Организационный момент.
а). приветствие.
б). проверка присутствующих.
в) постановка целей и задач урока.
Good morning. Take your seats.
Who is absent today?
Today we will continue discussing the
role of oil and gas in industrialized nations.
But today we are going to speak about
renewable energy. Today’s question: Is
renewable energy a real alternative to oil
and gas?
So let’s repeat some words we learned
previously.
2. Актуализация освоенной лексики
(5мин).
Повторение слов и выражений по
пройденным темам (диаграмма «Виды
энергии»).
So, students, look at the blackboard, please.
Here you can find some words. Please
translate them. Do you know any others
sources of energy?
3. Проверка домашнего задания. (10
мин)
Работа с текстом, ответы на вопросы
после текста.
Now we are going to check your home task,
please answer the questions below the text.
4. Отработка лексического материала.
Выполнение заданий(1-3). (30 мин.)
Match a word from A to a word from B.
Match the words with their meaning.
Complete the sentences with the words from
the box.
5. Прослушивание аудирования по теме,
выполнение заданий к нему, заполнение
таблицы. (20 мин.)
Listen to two friends talking about energy. Fill
the table. “Advantages and disadvantages of
each type of energy
6. Повторение и закрепление
пройденного грамматического
материала. Выполнение заданий (5-6) (15
мин.)
Let’s repeat when we use conditional
sentences. Students answer with the help of
teacher. And now you are ready to start.
Please, do the grammar task. You have 10
minutes, and then we will check.
7. Работа в парах составление диалогов,
основанных на лексике данного урока.
(10 мин.)
Work in pairs. Make our own dialogue. Is
renewable energy better than oil and gas?
Why? Which kinds of renewable energy are
best for your country? What are advantages
and disadvantages? Try to prove ideas, be
polite.
8. Домашнее задание закончить
диалог дома, подобрать материал для
реферата и презентации по теме
«Влияние нефтепереработки на
окружающую среду и меры по её защите».
Finish the dialogue at home. And be ready to
make your own presentation on the topic.
“The influence of oil processing on the
environment, measures for environmental
protection”
Если есть вопросы, учитель дает разъяснения. Урок окончен.
Home task. Домашнее задание.
Read, translate and answer the questions.
1. Crude oil is the most important natural resource of the industrialized nations. It can generate heat, drive
machinery and fuel vehicles and airplanes. 2. Its components are used to manufacture almost all chemical
products, such as plastics, detergents, paints, and even medicines.
18 million tonnes of crude oil are processed into synthetic materials in Germany. Oil within our
materials: 40 percent of all textiles contain oil. Oil within our leisure activities: 40 billion liters of oil a year are
used to make CDs and DVDs. Oil helps us relax: A single sofa contains 60 liters of oil. The world consumes
almost 14 billion liters of oil each day.
We need oil to drive in our millions of cars, jobs depend on it, the supply of energy is at the heart of much
of global politics (just look at Russia now), wars are fought over it, without oil the lights would go out.
You can't move anything, anywhere faster than about 25mph without oil.
You can't operate a modern military, and you can't run a modern economy. There is no doubt in my mind
whatsoever that modern civilisation would collapse in a matter of months if oil stopped flowing.
3. Oil and food (and let's include water in that, to avoid argument) are the two most important resources
on the planet.
The more we live in cities - and the more countries develop - the more we want cars to drive around in
and lorries to deliver the goods we want to consume.
4. Of course, there are alternatives to oil: solar energy, wind and wave power, hydroelectricity.. And
across the world, environmental targets are having an impact.
Renewable energy is replacing some of the world's appetite for oil.
Peak oil - that is the theoretical moment when oil extraction will reach its height and inevitably decline -
has been long predicted and never arrived.
In fact, you can go back to the 19th Century to hear predictions oil would run out during the "lives of
young men".
More than 100 years later, we are still waiting.
Answer the questions.
1) Why is oil so important in the industrialized nations?
2) Where can we find the components of oil?
3) What are the most important resources on the planet?
4) Are there alternatives to oil? What are they?
Грамматический справочник по теме.
П р а в и л о : У с л о в н ы е п р е д л о ж е н и я . С у щ е с т в у е т т р и типа условных предложений:
1. Указывающие на реальное условие:
Формула: if + Present Indefinite. ...Future Indefinite.
Например:
Если я приду, я Вас увижу. «If I come I shall see you».
2. Указывающие на маловероятное или нереальное условие, относящееся к настоящему или
будущему.
Формула: if + Past Indefinite. ...should (would) + Infinitive Indefinite.
Например:
Если бы он пришел сегодня, он бы Вас увидел. «If he came today, he would see you».
3. Указывающие на нереальное условие, относящееся к прошлому.
Формула: if + Past Perfect... should (would) + Perfect Infinitive.
Например:
Если бы я пришел вчера, я бы Вас увидел. «If I had come yesterday I should have seen you».
Задания для работы на паре.
1. Match a word from A to a word from B.
A
a) crude
b) natural
c) industrialized
d) synthetic
e) renewable
f) fossil
g) oil
h) fuel
i) global
j) solar
k) sunny
l) wind
m) running
B
1) water
2) nations
3) oil
4) extraction
5) fuel
6) cells
7) turbines
8) panels
9) countries
10) energy
11) recourses
12) warming
13) materials
2. Match words with their meaning.
1) crude oil
2) barrel
3) natural recourses
4) fossil fuel
5) renewable energy
6) hydroelectricity
7) wind power
8) wave power
9) solar energy
a) the movement of the sea
b) energy from the sun
c) energy from the wind
d) running water in a river
e) oil in its natural state before it has been
processed or refined
f) all the land, forests, energy sources and
minerals existing naturally in a place that can be used
by people
g) a natural fuel such as coal or gas, formed in
the geological past from the remains of living
organisms
h) a measure of capacity used for oil usually
equal to 42 US gallons (roughly 159 litres) for oil
i) capable of being renewed (wind, water, and
sunlight
3. Complete the sentences with the words from the box.
renewable energy fossil fuel global warming solar energy fuel cells electricity crude oil
Oil and gas are examples of ______________________.
If oil and gas run out, we will have to find __________________.
When we burn oil and gas, we produce carbon dioxide that leads to ________________.
The sun doesn’t always shine – it is a disadvantage of ________________.
_________________ use hydrogen and oxygen from the air to produce electricity.
How will you get _______________ if the wind doesn’t blow all the time?
____________________ is the most important natural resource of the industrialized nations.
4. Listen to two friends talking about energy.
Which kind of energy uses
1) turbines? 2) panels? 3) dams?
The turbines use
Fill in the table. What are the advantages and disadvantages of each type of energy?
Type of energy
Advantages
solar energy
wave power
wind power
hydroelectricity
5. Grammar task. Complete the sentences by underlying the correct words.
1. You will miss/miss your family, if you will work/work offshore.
2. The helicopter won’t leave/doesn’t leave, if the weather doesn’t improve/won’t improve.
3. We can’t get energy, if there is/will be no wind.
4. We can use renewable energy, if oil and gas will run/ run out.
5. If there will be/ are more cars, we will need/need more oil.
6. Match two parts to form conditional sentences.
1. If these tests produce positive results,
2. If rubber is cooled to -200° C,
3. If safety measures had been followed,
4. If you want to study the files from the internet,
5. If we bought a new software package,
6. If you want to use this software package on more
than one system,
7. If the goods had been sent by sea,
8. If we ran an additional test,
a. the accident would never have happened.
b. download them onto your computer.
e .we'd be able to do all the technical specifications
in half the time.
d. we could estimate the experimental error.
e. they would have taken nearly two months.
f. it becomes brittle(ломкий, хрупкий) and will
break.
g. we'll continue with clinical trials.
h. you'lI have to get a site license.
7. Work in pairs. Make our own dialogue. Is renewable energy better than oil and gas? Why? Which
kinds of renewable energy are best for your country? What are advantages and disadvantages? Try to prove
ideas, be polite.
Use the following phrase.
As to... что касается
As for Что касается
Actually Фактически, на самом деле
The trouble is Проблема в том, что..
The point is .. суть в том, что
It’s vital to note that … - Стоит отметить, что
It’s important top remember that Важно помнить
что
What’s worse – Что хуже
On the one hand…., on the other hand… - С одной
стороны… с другой стороны
Unfortunately к сожалению
Moreover более того,
Whats more более того,
Besides кроме того,
In a word одним словом,
Summing it up подводя итог,
In conclusion В заключении
Скрипт диалога для занятия.
A: and some people think that oil and gas will run out in the next 40 years.
B: Hmm! So we’ll have to get our energy from other things then?
A: Yes. But there are lots of forms of renewable energy.
B: Renewable energy? What do you mean?
A: Well, at the moment we use oil and gas to make electricity and as fuel for our cars. But we can also get energy
from other things.
B: Oh! You mean energy from the sun?
A: Yes, solar energy. That’s one example of renewable energy.
B: But in some parts of the world the sun doesn’t shine very much.
A: You’re right! That’s disadvantage of solar energy. The sun doesn’t always shine. But it’s a renewable energy.
In other words, it won’t run out when we use it. So some sunny countries could get a lot of their energy from the sun.
B: Yes. Some buildings have solar panels on the roof to collect the heat from the sun. But they don’t produce
electricity.
A: You’re right. But there are solar power stations now that change the heat of the sun into electricity. There are
lots with these now Spain, Australia, Saudi Arabia, the United States.
B: That’s great! But we can also use wind to give us energy. I’ve seen pictures of wind turbines. But do you think
they produce much energy?
A: Yes! In some Europeans countries they get a lot of energy from the wind.
B: But it’s the same problems as the sun. The wind doesn’t blow all the time.
A: Yes, but it’s renewable. Engineers are now building wind turbines offshore where the wind blows most of the
time. But the turbines have to be very strong if they’re placed offshore.
B: Hm! The weather can be bad. Offshore oil rigs have to be very strong too.
A: Yeah. Water in a river can be used. There’s lots of energy in running water and we can use this energy to make
electricity hydroelectricity. It doesn’t case any air pollution.
B: That’s sounds a good idea. Why don’t we make more hydroelectricity?
A: Well, engineers have to control the water in the river, so they build large dams across the river so they can
store the water. These cause damage to the environment. And people think they look horrible! So the hydroelectricity
isn’t so popular today.
B: I read that engineers are trying to use the energy in the sea. But it’s very difficult.
A: That’s right. There’s a lot of energy in the waves. Engineers are working hard to find a way to make electricity
from this energy. The problem is that the machine to do this must be very strong.
B: But what about fuel for cars and aircraft? What alternatives?