Сравнительный анализ русских и английских сказок


«Сравнительный анализ русских и английских сказок».
Автор: Будницкая Дарья Андреевна,
Учитель английского языка МБОУ Голицынская СОШ №1
2015 год
Comparison of Russian and English Fairy Tales
A fairy tale is a fictional story that may feature folkloric and enchantments, often
involving a far-fetched sequence of events.
Russian Folk Tales are interesting stories, telling about some incredible events.
English Folk Tales ( or fairy tales) are extremely different from our Russian fairy
tales.
Fairy tales written in English give us perception about myths, legends, ballads and
also they tell us about the most interesting elements of culture of this country.
Animals are often main characters in Russian and in English stories. In many
tales, they are highly intelligent and able to communicate with people. More often
we can find there a hen, a bear, a hare, as for negative characters, they are foxes
and wolves.
The comparison of Russian tale “A wolf and kids”
and English tale “A wolf and three kittens”.
Elements of the fairy
tale
Russian Folk Tale
English Folk Tale
Main characters
A wild animal (a wolf)
and farm animal (a goat
with kids)
A wild animal (a wolf)
and farm animal (a cat
with kittens)
Protagonism (strong-
weak)
Wolf-kids
Wolf-kittens
Characters (animals)
Think and speak
Think and speak,
Act like more modern
characters: read, write
letters
Help aside
Help of a blacksmith
Ate lots of sugar, paws in
flour
Compellation
Mummy, mummy! Kids!
Mother. Children.
Place
A forest is a place, where
the strength of characters
appears
A wolf lives in a forest
A bad wolf lives in a
forest.
A house is a place, where
weak characters live
Kids live in a house with
their mother
Kittens live in a house
with their mother cat.
Composition
The beginning of the
story
Once upon a time A goat
with her kids lived..
A cat lives in a house next
to the forest (no
beginning)
The turning-point
A problem- the kids have
been eaten
The wolf couldn’t eat the
kittens, because they had
hidden.
The conclusion
Weak characters (the
kids) are winners.
Argument and mother’s
help. She is ready to die
for her children (family
values).
Weak characters (the
kittens) are winners. The
kittens solved the problem
by themselves. Ideal a
hero, solving his problems
by himself (western way
of life).
Johnny - cake" and “Kolobok
Elements of the fairy
tale
Russian Folk Tale
English Folk Tale
Main characters
A Grandmother, a
grandfather, a hare, a
wolf, a bear, a fox
A Grandmother, a
grandfather, diggers, a
wolf, a bear, a fox
Protagonism (strong-
weak)
Kolobok-animals
Jonny-doughnut-people
and animals
Characters (animals)
Think and speak
Think and speak,
Stupid and tricky
Kolobok-a fox
A fox-Jonny-doughnut
Compellation
Kolobok, kolobok, I will
eat you!
Where are you going
Jonny cake?
Place
A road
A path.. further and
further.. rolling Kolobok
And rolled through the
door, down the steps and
along the road…
out into the road.
A house
From the window to the
bench, from the bench to
the door, jumping over
the doorstep- to a hall
(seni), to the porch, from
the porch to the yard,
from the yard over the
gates and further and
further.
And put in the oven to
bake.
Composition
The beginning of the
story
Once upon a time There
was an old man and an
old woman
Once upon a time there
was an old man and an
old woman and a boy
The turning-point
- Kolobok, kolobok,
sit onto my tongue
for the last time.
Kolobok jumped.
Jonny-cake came up
close, and leaning towards
the fox screamed out..
The conclusion
The fox ate the stupid
kolobok.
The tricky fox ate the
stupid doughnut.
“Three little pigs” and “Three little pigs”
Elements of the fairy
tale
Russian Folk Tale
English Folk Tale
Main characters
Three little pigs, a wolf
Three little pigs, a wolf, a
mother
Names
Nif-Nif, Nuf-Nuf, Naf-
Naf
no
Characters (animals)
Careless, funny, friendly,
lazy
One pig is weak, the
second one is stronger,
the third is smart and
strong.
A wolf
Hungry, angry and tricky
Hungry, angry and tricky,
insolent.
Protagonism (weak-
strong)
Three little pigs-a wolf
Three little pigs-a wolf
Actions
At first Pigs frolic then
build houses
Pigs are building houses
Place
A forest
Not stated
Composition
The beginning of the
story
Pigs are having fun
Pigs start looking for a
happiness
The conclusion
Pigs live together in a
brick house. They have
outwit the wolf.
The wolf ate two pigs,
but couldn’t get into the
third pig’s house. The
third pig was left alone.
Conclusion:
Tales in different countries could be similar and have similar plots. But there are
tales that have different history, language, character. However all tales teach us to
be kind, friendly and honest and give us a moral lesson.