The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
Выполнила учитель английского языка Л.И. Давыдова
THE UNITED KINGDOM OF GREAT BRITAIN AND NORTHERN IRELAND
is situated on the islands in the northwest of Europe. The population of the UK is about 60 million . The UK is a highly developed country. The UK has four parts: England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland.
Great Britain consists of England, Scotland, Wales. The capital of the UK is London. It’s main cities are London, Birmingham, Manchester and Glasgow.
The UK of Great Britain is one of the smallest countries in the world – It’s twice smaller that France or Spain . There are only nine other countries with more people. Most people are British. You can meet here people of many different nationalities. Official language is English.
Britain is an unusually beautiful country! In Great Britain one can find any type of scenery.
We want to take you on an exciting journey through the whole country. We’ll begin our journey with London. It’s the seventh biggest city in the world.
London – the Capital of the UK
London is the capital of Great Britain. It’s a very old city. It is two thousand years old. London is not only the capital of the country, it is also a huge port. The population of London is about 9 million people. London has got three parts: the City of London, the West End, The East End.
The City of London is the financial center of the U K. The West End is the center of London. The East End of London is the district for the working people.
In London you can see many sights: Westminster Abbey, Buckingham Palace, Trafalgar Square, museums, libraries and galleries.
The City is the money of London.
The West End is the goods of London.
The East End is the hands of London.
I invite all of you to visit my wonderful country and to see the sights of London.
Places of Interest in London
There are lots of places to visit in London.
Tourists in London always want to visit Westminster and see Big Ben. Big Ben is really a bell. It is interesting that the clock “Big Ben” came into service in 1859. You hear it every hour. It weighs 13,720 kilograms. It has a deep tone and you can hear it on the radio:
“ This is six o’clock”. And then you hear the deep boom of Big Ben six times.
The Tower of London
Tower of London is very old. You can see it from the river Thames. It has a long and cruel history.
It is not just one building. The tall building is the White Tower, the oldest part of the Tower of London. The bloody Tower is near the river. You do not see blood there today. But the bloody Tower has a history of blood – the blood of men, women and even children.
The other interesting place is Westminster Abbey, which was founded in 1050. It is situated in the center of London. Many great Englishmen were buried in the Abbey: Newton, Darvin and others. Westminster Abbey is a symbol of England. Westminster Abbey was built by king Edward in 1065. The coronation of all British kings and queens takes place in Westminster Abbey.
The Houses of Parliament
. The Houses of Parliament stand beside the river Thames. The country’s leaders speak in the Houses of Parliament. The men and women there are the voice of the British people. You can go on a boat from Westminster and see London from the river. You can also see Big Ben and the Houses of Parliament from Westminster Bridge.
This is Buckingham Palace - the place where British kings and queens live when they are in London. It was built in the 18th century. A lot of tourists go to Buckingham Palace. Important visitors often go to the palace.
There are many nice squares in London. Trafalgar Square is one of them and it is in the center of the West End. One can see a statue of Lord Nelson in the middle of this square.
You are welcome to our country
London is very rich in parks and gardens. London’s parks are full of trees, grass, flowers and water. You can walk among old trees, relax and admire flowers and plants or take part in the many activities such as tennis, swimming and horse – riding.
The Royal Parks are the property
of the Royal family. In central London they include Hyde Park,
Green Park, St. James’s Park, Regent’s Park and Kensington Gardens.