Презентация "History & Mystery of the English language"


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October, 24.

October, 24.

  • History & Mystery of the English language.

The aims of the lesson:

  • To summarize the material of the previous lessons.
  • To learn the new words.
  • Get the new information about the British history.

Speaking English

  • Repeat the following words after the speaker

Speaking English

  • to include – включать
  • competition – соревнование
  • cooperation – сотрудничество
  • to inhabit – населять
  • immemorial – незапамятные
  • natives – коренные жители
  • to invent – изобретать
  • rune – руна
  • contribution – вклад
  • basic – основной
  • to remain – оставаться
  • to determine – определять
  • to invade – вторгаться
  • bath house - баня
  • way of life – образ жизни
  • immediately – сразу же
  • Christianity – христианство
  • to introduce – вводить
  • to raid – грабить
  • influence – влияние
  • kingdom – королевство
  • to describe – описывать

The History of the British Isles

  • The British Isles have a long history. It includes war and peace, drama and tragedy, competition and cooperation with different nations.

The Celts

  • The Celts inhabited Britain since the times immemorial. They can be called the natives of the British Isles.

The Celts

  • The Celts invented their own written language, but instead of letters they used runes. Many places of interest, such as Stonehenge, were also built by them.

The Celts

  • The Celtic contribution to the English language is not great. Only the basic words still remain in everyday use, such as:
  • go, eat, drink, be, father, mother, etc.
  • What sphere do they belong to?

The Romans

  • In the 44 AD the Romans invaded the British Isles.

The Romans

  • They built roads, walls, schools and bath houses. And of course, collected taxes. Soon most of the Celts got used to the Roman way of life.

The Romans

  • The Romans had brought many new words to the English language. The names of food (cherry, pear, wine), buildings (wall, street), etc.
  • Why do the Romans build such a great number of roads?

The Anglo-Saxons

  • The Romans left Britain in the 5th century. And immediately it was attacked by the German tribes - Angles, Saxons, Jutes.

The Anglo-Saxons

  • The natives couldn’t defend themselves. The Germans founded the first kingdoms and lived in peace with the Celts for a few centuries.

The Anglo-Saxons

  • The Anglo-Saxon words still remain in the English language. They mostly describe the household and family being.
  • - Lord, lady, bread, pork, cow, etc.

The Church

  • In the 6th century the Christianity was introduced in Britain. The new words came into the language:
  • - angel, altar, devil, the Bible.
  • Guess the meaning of these words!

The Vikings

  • From the 8th century the Vikings began to raid the British Isles. Finally they even got a piece of land – the so called Danelaw.

The Vikings

  • The words brought to the English language by the Vikings have something in common: sounds “s”, “sk”, “g”, for example:
  • - egg, sky, ship, skirt, sea, etc.

The Normans

  • In the 1066 AD William the Conqueror defeated the English king Harold in the battle of Hastings and became the king himself.

The Normans

  • The Norman influence on the English language was great! A lot of words from French came into it, for example:
  • village, army, soldier, religion, venison, beef, etc.

Summarizing:

  • The Celts (the natives)
  • The Romans (44 AD)
  • The Germans (5th century)
  • The Vikings (8th century)
  • The Normans (1066 AD)

Choose the right answer:

  • 1. Who invaded Britain in the 5th century?
  • a) Romans b) Normans c) Germans
  • 2. What was the nickname of king William?
  • a) the Noble b) the Conqueror c) the Deer
  • 3. The Normans came from ….
  • a) France b) Russia c) USA d) China

Choose the right answer:

  • 4. The Christianity was introduced in …
  • a) 6th century b) 11th century c) 44 BC
  • 5. The Vikings …
  • a) raided Britain b) defended Britain
  • 6. The runes were used by …
  • a) the Romans b) the Normans c) the Celts

  • The end