Пошаговая подготовка к письменной части ОГЭ по английскому языку. Раздел "Лексика"

Пошаговая подготовка к письменной части ОГЭ по
английскому языку. Раздел «Лексика»
Автор: Гордеева Наталья Филипповна
ПИСЬМЕННАЯ ЧАСТЬ . ЛЕКСИКА
В данной работе будут рассматриваться вопросы по следующим темам:
Место в предложении и образование:
существительных
прилагательных
глаголов
наречий
Задание по лексике представляет собой связанный текст, в котором есть пропуски.
Нам требуется заполнить 6 пропусков. Требуется образовать от опорных слов с
помощью приставок и суффиксов новые части речи и заполнить пропуски так,
чтобы они лексически соответствовали содержанию текста.
Для этого необходимо выполнить 3 основных шага:
1) По контексту постарайтесь определить какая часть речи нужна, чтобы заполнить
пропуск
2) Определив часть речи, вспомните, какие суффиксы характерны для определённой
части речи
3) Определите по смыслу, имеет ли слово положительное или отрицательное
значение. Если отрицательное, то подберите приставку.
Рассмотрим подробно правила образования частей речи и их место в предложении.
NOUNS / СУЩЕСТВИТЕЛЬНЫЕ
Место в предложении:
1. В самом начале предложения перед сказуемым:
_______ is a sign of bad character. RUDE
2. После прилагательного: She has a very pleasant ________. PERSONAL
3. Как дополнение: He got ______________ and disappeared. INFORM
4. После существительного в притяжательном падеже:
This is everyone’s _____________. RESPONSIBLE
5. После артикля: He was the _________ of the race. WIN
6. После предлога: People complain about the lack of __________. RESPONSIBLE
7. После местоимения: I love her _________. APPEAR
Образование:
От ГЛАГОЛОВ при помощи суффиксов:
er, or, ist , ian (указывает на человека, который выполняет действие)
drive driver, ride rider, write writer, design designer, own owner, report reporter,
manage manager, paint painter, play player, win winner, dance dancer, teach teacher,
explore explorer, speak speaker, support supporter , wait waiter, lead leader,
sing singer, learn learner, hunt hunter, garden gardener, bank - banker
act actor, visit visitor, invent inventor
(a)tion / ion / sion (указывает на состояние, процесс предмета)
inform information, found foundation, combine combination, imagine imagination,
explain explanation, direct direction, communicate communication, situate situation,
protect protection, educate education, celebrate celebration, illustrate illustration,
possess possession, discuss discussion, decide decision
ance /ence (указывает на качество, состояние предмета)
appear appearance , perform performance , differ - difference
ment (указывает на процесс, результат)
govern government, entertain entertainment, advertise advertisement, punish punishment,
equip equipment
ure press pressure, architect architecture
ing meet meeting, begin beginning, build building, mean meaning, travel - travelling
От ПРИЛАГАТЕЛЬНЫХ при помощи суффиксов::
ness : dark darkness, fit fitness, ill illness, kind - kindness
ity: electric electricity, popular popularity, responsible responsibility, person - personality
**** long length
Присоединяют к существительному:
ship / hood (указывает на статус, состояние, качество)
friend friendship, champion championship, child - childhood
ist / ian (указывают на профессионалов, сторонников научного движения) :
science scientist, art - artist, music musician
Examples:
1) They wish to change their ___________and have a thrilling, new experience. APPEAR
2) Mrs. Bradley, the ________________ of the bakery, was a very nice woman. OWN
3) The main _________________ of the city is Edinburgh Castle. ATTRACT
4) Now she works as a ___________________ for Le Figaro newspaper. Our REPORT
__________________ began when we were at school. FRIEND
5) It is actually the smallest city in Britain with a ______________ of just over 1,600. POPULATE
6) It is very good for people with no sense of _________________ . DIRECT
7) His new father works as a __________________ in Sweden and he is quite rich. BANK
8) Remy is separated from his family at the ______________________ of the movie. BEGIN
9) The camp is a successful ____________________ of both comfort and a green COMBINE
environment.
10) About a century ago people got ______________________ from newspapers. INFORM
11) The choice depends only on your pocketbook and your____________________. IMAGINE
12) London taxi drivers have to have a good memory to be able to take a
_____________ from A to B without looking at the map or asking for directions. TRAVEL
13) The idea is to show that our planet is in danger and it needs care and
_______________________ . PROTECT
14) In the show a professional ballroom ______________ has a celebrity for a partner DANCE
15) You can also watch a street ______________ there. PERFORM
The German ______________ explains that he gets all his energy from sunlight. SCIENCE
16) He says: "I can't really give an ________________ of what’s happening to me. EXPLAIN
17) There are lots of possibilities there too: a good _________________, a language TEACH
school or an on-line course. There are many ways to get a good language
____________________ now. EDUCATE
18) I'm absolutely sure that books by a good ______________ will always be popular. WRITE
When reading, Jenny may turn into a princess or become a mountain
______________________. EXPLORE
19) After a short __________________ they agreed on an original idea. DISCUSS
20) He was the __________ of the race three times during the 1970s. WIN
21) We enjoy this day very much and always arrange a ______________ at home. CELEBRATE
22) Our shop raised money to provide medical care for anyone suffering from any
_____________________ . ILL
23) Friendship requires honesty, trust and _________________ . KIND
24) I’ve been Liverpool’s ________________ since I was a small boy. SUPPORT
25) She never did gardening as a job but for pleasure and ___________________ . ENTERTAIN
26) In the local newspaper, he saw an _________________ from a pizzeria. ADVERTISE
27) But _________________ is not a good solution! PUNISH
28) Sir Joseph Paxton, a botanist and landscape ____________________, won the DESIGN
competition to create the central exhibition hall. The __________________ BUILD
he produced is still admired by architects today.
29) The same __________ is true for New Zealand, Greenland, and many other islands. SITUATE
30) You should remember that you're only a _________ and be as careful as possible. VISIT
31) Scientists have found that there is a direct ________________ between CONNECT
sunshine and our good mood.
32) They are an environmental _______________that tries to protect the UK’s oceans ORGANIZE
and beaches.
33) They even managed to put pressure on the __________________ to forbid dumping GOVERN
waste in the sea, rivers and lakes.
34) In Canada, for example, a ____________________ in a restaurant would present it WAIT
to tourists as Chinese pie.
35) Japan is the world _____________ in using new technology for this purpose. LEAD
36) Their ________________________ is to guard the treasure of the fairies. RESPONSIBLE
37) The main job of any dictionary is to explain what words mean. This can be done
via _______________________ or the unknown word can be explained in other TRANSLATE
words. It’s also good if the dictionary contains some examples of how the
word is used it helps to understand the _______________________ much MEAN
better. If you are a busy ___________________, you probably prefer online LEARN
dictionaries to paper ones.
38) He can play the piano and the violin and the guitar. He is a professional _________. MUSIC
39) A friend of mine, John, is a street ______________________. He says ART
that street art is a form of _________________________. COMMUNICATE
40) As for me, I enjoy riding my bike very much and all my friends say that I’m
a good _______________________. Next month I’m going to take part in a RIDE
regional cycling _______________________ and I hope to win it. COMPETE
41) Two teams were playing in the final match of the ________________. CHAMPION
42) It seemed to Kelly that every ____________ of her team was doing their best PLAY
to win-win-win!
43) The heart of town is the _____________ of Victorian, Tudor and Gothic times. ARCHITECT
44) This central part of the town dates back to its ______________ as a fortress. FOUND
45) Squirrels range in size from the African squirrels which are 7 centimeters in
_________________, to the giant Indian squirrels that are more than 1 meter. LONG
46) The Wind in the Willows and the _________________ were wonderful. ILLUSTRATE
47) At one point Toad ends up losing his ___________ but fortunately everything POSSESS
works out well in the end.
48) Mum's friend, who is a _______________, recommended that store as the best DESIGN
in the city. However, we didn’t buy anything because Mum couldn't make
a ____________________ about what she liked best. DECIDE
49) And perhaps the most important ___________________ of all each nation DIFFER
has its own football team!
50) ***** . However, because of my parents’ strong ___________________ AGREEMENT
with my choice, I had to stay with the host family.
51) ***** On the other hand, very hot weather may cause strong ________________ . COMFORT
As a result, we may feel depressed and irritated.
ADJECTIVES / ПРИЛАГАТЕЛЬНЫЕ
Место в предложении:
1. Перед существительным и обычно после артикля:
It is a __________ place with narrow streets. CHARM
или после другого прилагательного : It was a large, __________ book. COLOUR
или после предлога: Everything is ready for the__________ event. WONDER
2. Как составное именное сказуемое после глагола-связки to be: It was absoutely ____. TASTE
или после другого глагола : The food looks __________. TASTE
Образование :
От СУЩЕСТВИТЕЛЬНЫХ при помощи суффиксов:
ful help helpful, success successful, wonder wonderful, use useful, peace peaceful,
harm harmful, beauty beautiful, care careful, colour colourful, stress stressful,
power powerful, cheer cheerful
ous fame famous, danger dangerous, nerve nervous, number numerous, vary various
less (отсутствие к-л качества) end endless, care careless, home homeless
ly friend friendly, love lovely, day - daily
y taste tasty, luck lucky, wealth wealthy, noise noisy, health healthy, sun sunny,
crowd crowdy, fun funny, rain rainy, risk risky, sleep sleepy, spice - spicy
ic fantasy fantastic, science scientific, energy energetic, geography geographic,
base basic, history - historic
al tradition traditional, person personal, culture cultural, origin original,
nation national, ecology ecological, practice practical, nature natural,
profession professional
ish / ese / (i)an (национальность или язык) England English, Russia Russian
Japan - Japanese
От ГЛАГОЛОВ при помощи суффиксов:
ing interest interesting, excite exciting, charm charming, swim swimming,
amaze amazing, surprise surprising
ive create creative, impress impressive, attract attractive, expense expensive,
effect effective
От существительных и глаголов :
ent differ different, convenience - convenient
able / ible change changeable, response responsible, enjoy enjoyable,
comfort comfortable, fashion fashionable
Префиксы: inter national international
Отрицательные префиксы:
un pleasant unpleasant, happy unhappy, forgettable unforgettable,
usual unusual, fair unfair, lucky unlucky
in-, im-, il-, ir: active inactive, possible impossible, legal illegal,
regular irregular
Examples:
1) There were sofas in _______________________ and modern styles. TRADITION
They were presented in ________________ colours and patterns. DIFFER
The shop assistant was very ___________________. She patiently HELP
2) Venice was a _____________ place and we enjoyed our trip greatly. FANTASY
Linda was fond of history and she told us lots of _______________ facts INTEREST
about the town.
3) We rented a small apartment for a week with a __________________view WONDER
of the town.
4) Thousands of tourists visit Edinburgh every year. The capital of Scotland
is ________________ for its history and architecture. It’s one of the FAME
___________________ centres of the country. CULTURE
5) The ________________ experiments on mice have given wonderful SCIENCE
results. The animals got stronger and healthier without any exercise.
However, some doctors think that such pills can be ___________________ DANGER
for health, especially in certain situations.
6) They often use it as a starting point for their ________________ travellings. EXCITE
The town is really remarkable. There you will find some _____________stone IMPRESS
monuments and statues, ancient buildings and picturesque ruins.
7) St Davids has a _______________ medieval cathedral which dates back BEAUTY
to the 12th century. Today it is a __________ place with narrow streets. CHARM
8) It will be very ____________________ for their health. HARM
9) He was adopted by a __________________________ western family. WEALTH
10) He tries to teach him how to cook ________________ dishes. TASTE
11) The best thing about shopping in London is that there really are
hundreds of cool shops selling ________________________ clothes. Only FASHION
here you can find a wide choice of __________________ and unique shops. ORIGIN
12) They prefer to avoid _____________________ cities completely. NOISE
They are attracted instead to dramatic views of mountains and
______________________ valleys. PEACE
13) The tourists can also have lunch in one of the many restaurants and try different
_______________ cuisines. NATION
14) In Andorra people live longer than in any other European country. It
seems they have discovered the secret of a long and _______________ life. HEALTH
People in Andorra stay active and ____________________ at old age. They ENERGY
They attend gyms and public _______________________ pools for free. SWIM
15) The choice of dishes has been influenced by the climate, history and
_____________________ position of the country. GEOGRAPHY
16) If we sit in a traffic jam for a few minutes, we start feeling ____________ NERVE
and irritated.
17) It has become a very _________________ device and people can’t do without it. USE
It makes our life ______________________ and saves time. COMFORT
18) It is such a pleasure to walk there on a hot _________ day. SUN
19) It doesn’t work for everybody but when it does, it is very ____________________. EFFECT
20) On July 4, 1886 the United States received their ___________________ gift. AMAZE
21) Dad is a very _________________ person and often invents new games for us. CREATE
22) It was a _____________day but the weather couldn’t spoil my excellent mood. RAIN
23) Last time it was a large, _________________________ book about COLOUR
the history of trains.
24) If you have already found such a person, you're ______________________. LUCK
25) In a ____________ journal I saw an article about children’s writing problems. SCIENCE
26) From time to time time I publish some pieces of my _______________ writing CREATE
on my blog. My friends find these essays and stories very _______________. ENJOY
27) According to the survey, people find modest job like charity work or gardening
the most _______________________. ATTRACT
28) He had to work long hours, and the job was ___________ and demanding. STRESS
29) When tourists choose eco trips, they stay in local houses with local people,
not in _______________________ hotels. EXPENSE
30) Ray strongly believes that soon computer intelligence will be a billion times
more _____________________ than the human brain. POWER
31) They say that it may be really ______________________ to swim in the seas, RISK
and even sunbathe on the beaches because of the pollution.
32) If you feel down and _______________, just get a bar of dark chocolate SLEEP
from the fridge.
33) The weather can really be_______________________ for moods and scientists RESPONSE
have proved this fact.
34) They usually complain about their _____________________ weather. CHANGE
35) Sometimes they watched college games, but normally they watched
__________________ teams play. PROFESSION
36) Last weekend we enjoyed a city break in Chester, the _____________ HISTORY
ancient medieval town in the northwest of England.
37) And you have to remain ____________ and attentive in spite of everything. CARE
38) There you can have a ___________________ cup of tea or a cappuccino LOVE
in a quiet coffee house.
39) I worked ___________________ after school and at weekends. It DAY
40) She was a _________________, cheerful girl and we were glad to see her. FRIEND
41) I wanted to choose the _______________ community of the hostel. NATIONAL
42) Now she is a very _________________ journalist. Her life is busy and SUCCESS
exciting. I was __________ that she managed to find some time for me. LUCK
Natalie made my visit to Paris _________________________. FORGETTABLE
43) Planes are considered to be the most _________________ means of transport COMFORT
but for some people airports can be a nightmare. There are _________ queues END
when you check in and you waste lots of time if your flight is delayed.
44) No matter what doctors say, it’s just________________ to live without POSSIBLE
a mobile phone today. It has become a very _________________ device and USE
people can’t do without it.
45) The only _______________ thing about Venice was the weather. It was PLEASANT
unusually cold and windy that week.
46) If you're depressed or just ___________, you can also take a pill. HAPPY
47) It was an _____________________ trip for me too. FORGETTABLE
48) Portobello Road is the right place to go if you want to buy unique and
__________________________ things. USUAL
49) He kept saying that we had no right to be indifferent or _________________ CARE
because people’s lives depended on us.
PRONOUNS / НАРЕЧИЯ
Место в предложении:
1. После глагола: We arrived ________ on the shore. SAFE
2. Между подлежащим и сказуемым: We __________ have breakfast at night. USUAL
3. Перед прилагательными: It is _____________ safe. ABSOLUTE
4. Перед причастиями: This equipment is ________ used. WIDE
5. В начале предложения как вводное слово: ____________, we were lost. OBVIOUS
Образование:
От ПРИЛАГАТЕЛЬНЫХ при помощи суффикса:
ly recent recently, quick quickly, fluent fluently, expected expectedly, main mainly,
regular regularly, loud loudly, serious seriously, slow slowly, certain certainly,
fortunate fortunately, absolute absolutely, complete completely, definite definitely,
rare rarely, probable probably, real really, actual actually, usual usually,
final finally, natural naturally, traditional traditionally, especial especially,
happy happily
Examples:
1) The story ends __________________ and the friends start a new restaurant. HAPPY
2) Even that happened quite _______________. RARE
3) I could speak English ___________________! FLUENT
4) And a gloomy rainy day can make you feel lonely and ______________________. HAPPY
5) Note that it is _________________ hot there in the summer. USUAL
6) They _________________ eat fish, plants and insects. USUAL
7) However, there are some airports where you can _______________ ACTUAL
enjoy yourself.
8) Axel ___________________ wrote e-mails to the director of the orphanage, REGULAR
Jane Smitova.
9) Sunlight________________ improves negative moods and makes us feel DEFINITE
less tired and more energetic.
10) ****____________________ they have discovered a drug which can help people RECENT
to overcome their phobias.
11) Ben Collins started his own online company when he was ______________ REAL
young.
12) I don't think I will stop riding my bicycle till I’m __________________ old. REAL
13) She enjoys being in someone else's shoes, living in an _________________ ABSOLUTE
different world.
14) Until the 16th century potatoes were _________________ known as pig food. MAIN
15) Nowadays, women more and more often take jobs that ______________ TRADITIONAL
were done by men.
16) “This case, __________________, needs a lot more research before we will PROBABLE
be able to explain it.” they say.
17) The French people raised money to build the statue, and, ______________________, FINAL
in 1886 it was ready.
18) __________________, now there were laws protecting sharks. FORTUNATE
19) At tourist destinations, in offices and private homes, lights are switched off for
one hour at ______________________ 8:00 pm. EXACT
VERBS / ГЛАГОЛЫ
Место в предложении:
1. После существительного в роли подлежащего: Travel _______ the mind. BROAD
2. В начале повелительного предложения:
Let’s _________ and make a conclusion. SUMMARY
3. После вспомогательного глагола: We will _______ all your dreams. REAL
4. После частицы to: We want to _________ with you. AGREE
Образование :
При помощи суффиксов:
ize (от существительных) character characterize, symbol symbolize
en (от прилаг. и сущест.) broad broaden, strength strengthen
fy (от прилагат.) simple simplify
ate ( от прилагат.) active activate
Отрицательные приставки:
dis agree disagree, approve disapprove, like dislike, appear - disappear
Examples:
1) Pumpkins also ____________ Halloween. SYMBOL
2) Will they __________________ in the near future? APPEAR
3) He wanted the whole family to stay at home but it was natural
for the kids to _______________ with him. AGREE
4) They _____________________ it when people call them English. LIKE
5) However, sometimes parents may _____________ of their children’s artistic APPROVE
activities like drawing on the walls.
6) You may say that it is not a job for girls, but Mary will ____________ with this. AGREE
Слова, которые требуют особого внимания:
FRIEND: FRIENDLY (прилагат.), FRIENDSHIP (существ.)
1. She was a __________, cheerful girl and we were glad to see her. FRIEND
2. Their ________________ and support meant a lot to me. FRIEND
APPEAR: APPEARANCE (существ.), DISAPPEAR (глагол)
1. They wish to change their ___________and have a thrilling, new experience. APPEAR
2. People, who take the pill feel much better most of their fears ___________. APPEAR
SCIENCE: SCIENTIFIC (прилагат.), SCIENTIST (существ.)
1. In a _________ journal I saw an article about children’s writing problems. SCIENCE
2. In the future, Sam wanted to be a _________ and study sharks in the wild. SCIENCE
CARE: CAREFUL(прилагат.), CARELESS (прилагат.)
1. And you have to remain ____________ and attentive in spite of everything. CARE
2. He kept saying that we had no right to be indifferent or _________________ CARE
because people’s lives depended on us.
USUAL: USUALLY (наречие), UNUSUAL (прилагат.)
1. Note that it is _________________ hot there in the summer. USUAL
2. Portobello Road is the right place to go if you want to buy unique and
____________________ things. USUAL
ATTRACT: ATTRACTIVE (прилагат.), ATTRACTION (существ.)
1. According to the survey, people find modest job like charity work or
gardening the most _______________________. ATTRACT
2. The main _________________ of the city is Edinburgh Castle. ATTRACT
DIFFER: DIFFERENT (прилагат.), DIFFERENCE(существ.)
1. Books can be __________________ in size and content. DIFFER
2. And perhaps the most important __________________ of all each nation DIFFER
has its own football team!
NATION: NATIONAL (прилагат.)
The tourists can also have lunch in one of the many restaurants and try different
_______________ cuisines. NATION
NATIONAL: INTERNATIONAL (прилагат.)
I wanted to choose the _______________ community of the hostel. NATIONAL
Practice:
1) Mum wants to buy a new sofa for the sitting room. So, yesterday, we
went to the largest furniture store in the city. Mum's friend, who is a
___________, recommended that store as the best in the city. However, we DESIGN
didn’t buy anything because Mum couldn't make a ____________________ DECIDE
about what she liked best. There were sofas in _______________________ TRADITION
and modern styles. They were presented in ________________ colours and DIFFER
patterns. The shop assistant was very ___________________. She patiently HELP
showed us one model after another. At last Mum chose one of them, but,
______________________, they didn’t have that model in her favourite FORTUNATELY
colour.
2) Last spring my best friend Isabelle and I booked a holiday in Venice. We
rented a small apartment for a week with a ____________view of the town. WONDER
At the last moment another friend, Linda, asked if she could come with us.
She was a _________________, cheerful girl and we were glad to have her. FRIEND
join us. Venice was a _____________ place and we enjoyed our trip greatly. FANTASY
Linda was fond of history and she told us lots of _________________ facts INTEREST
about the town. We also liked the Italian food very much. The waiter in the
nearby pizzeria was a boy from Britain, so we never had any problems with
__________________. COMMUNICATE
The only __________________ thing about Venice was the weather. It was PLEASANT
unusually cold and windy that week.
3) Learning languages is becoming a popular hobby with children and.
adults. It’s not only interesting but very __________________, too. Foreign USE
languages improve memory and develop _____________________. People IMAGINE
who are able to speak two or more languages _______________are usually FLUENT
more successful than their monolingual colleagues. They are better in
making business and ________________________ contacts. They are more PERSON
_____________________ and they are better in solving conflicts as they are CREATE
able to accept new ideas and different points of view. Foreign languages
make life more __________________ and colourful. INTEREST
4) There are pills for everything. If you can't sleep you take a pill. If you're
depressed or just _________________, you can also take a pill. These days HAPPY
scientists are developing a new pill that you can use for improving your
_______________. It will have the same effect on people’s bodies as doing FIT
sports. The ________________ experiments on mice have given wonderful SCIENCE
results. The animals got stronger and healthier without any exercise.
However, some doctors think that such pills can be ___________________ DANGER
for health, especially in certain situations. The problem is that there will be
people who may use the pill unwisely. For example, young girls who want
to lose weight and get slim may take several pills at once. It will be very
____________________ for their health.That’s why our government should HARM
think a lot before making the__________________ that allows the medicine DECIDE
to be produced.
5) Siem Reap is a small town in Cambodia, a country in southeast Asia. It
is built around a __________________cathedral. The town is charming with FAME
some fine examples of French colonial architecture. A legend says that a
French _____________________once called the town a pearl of Cambodi”. WRITE
Nowadays, this town is quite popular with tourists. They often use it as a
starting point for their _____________________ travellings. The town is EXCITE
really remarkable. There you will find some _____________________stone IMPRESS
monuments and statues, ancient buildings and picturesque ruins. Note that it
is _________________ hot there in the summer. Please ensure that you take USUAL
_____________________walking shoes, light clothing and plenty of water COMFORT
to drink.
6) The city of St Davids is situated on the south-west coast of Wales. If
you're looking for an _______________ place to go, this is your destination. USUAL
It was granted city status by Queen Elizabeth II but in reality St Davids
looks like an ___________________ small village. It is actually the smallest ATTRACT
city in Britain with a _____________________ of just over 1,600. POPULATE
St Davids has a __________________ medieval cathedral which dates back BEAUTY
to the 12th century. Today it is a ___________________ place with narrow CHARM
streets filled with cafes, hotels and art galleries but only one pub!
St Davids is famous for its sandy beaches and clear water. Whitesands Bay
is a regular _______________ of the prestigious European Blue Flag award. WIN
7) People travel a lot nowadays. Planes are considered to be the most
_________________ means of transport but for some people airports can be COMFORT
a nightmare. There are ______________ queues when you check in and you END
waste lots of time if your flight is delayed. However, there are some airports
where you can _______________ enjoy yourself. For example, you’ll never ACTUAL
be bored at Hong Kong’s international airport. There are thousands of
people from ___________________ countries here but the passengers never DIFFER
experience any problems because everything is well organised. There are
attendants in red coats, who help you get from one place to another. It is
very good for people with no sense of _________________ . The attendants DIRECT
are always very polite and ___________________. HELP
8) Axel is a 9-year-old Bulgarian orphan (сирота). He was adopted by
a __________________________ western family. His new father works as WEALTH
a __________________ in Sweden and he is quite rich. BANK
Axel ___________________ wrote e-mails to the director of the orphanage, REGULAR
Jane Smitova. He told her that he was saving his Christmas and birthday
money to help his friends. Axel said that he wanted the money to be spent
on presents for his former playmates. Later Jane said “I understood that
____________________ meant a lot to a small boy but I would never have FRIEND
imagined that Axel could be talking about such an ____________________ POSSIBLE
sum of money. It’s so touching and we are going to spend it in a very
__________________ way." The boy saved £6,000. CARE
9) Last year my friend Mia and I went on holiday to Thailand. We stayed
in a ________________ resort which is popular with tourists. We were very FAME
___________________ with the weather and we spent most of our days on LUCK
the beach. The ocean was ___________________ the water was clear and FANTASY
warm. Thailand is a former French colony and that’s why French is very
popular there. Mia was delighted with this fact because she learns French,
she wants to be a ______________________ of French, and she was able to TEACH
practise the language there. She is also interested in architecture and she
found some fine examples of the French colonial style in Thailand. It was
an _____________________ trip for me too. I am a photographer and I took FORGETTABLE
lots of pictures of people and nature. Several magazines found my photos
_________________________ enough to publish. I feel very proud of that. INTEREST
10) Ratatouille is an American cartoon. The name of the cartoon comes
from a ________________________ French dish made of vegetables. The TRADITION
main character is a rat Remy, who is interested in cooking and dreams of
becoming a ___________________ chef. Remy is separated from his family SUCCESS
at the ______________________ of the movie. So he finds himself in Paris, BEGIN
France. There his unusual _____________________ with a poor boy begins. FRIEND
They both don’t care that most people hate rats and try to get rid of them.
Remy wants to help the boy. He tries to teach him how to cook __________ TASTE
dishes.
The story ends __________________ and the friends start a new restaurant. HAPPY
11) Many tourists don't like staying in city hotels. They prefer to avoid
_____________________ cities completely. They are attracted instead to NOISE
dramatic views of mountains and ______________________ valleys. If you PEACE
like this sort of tourism, Mountain View Camp is for you. You’ll have an
__________________________ vacation there. FORGETTABLE
The Camp has a view over the ______________________ Hampson Valley. IMPRESS
In the camp, tourists can rent either tents or bungalows. All the guests have
free access to different facilities such as kitchens, bathrooms and
playgrounds for children. The camp is a successful ____________________ COMBINE
of both comfort and a green environment.The tourists can also have lunch in
one of the many restaurants and try different _________________ cuisines. NATION
12) How do people learn the news? About a century ago people got
______________________ from newspapers since they were the only mass INFORM
media that existed in those times. Radio and television seemed
______________________ inventions as they broadcasted audio and visual WONDER
images. The Internet has changed the situation dramatically. Now the
audience has an opportunity to create the news, share their______________ PERSON
knowledge and express their opinions. The Internet supposes interaction,
which makes it very _________________________ to people. And what ATTRACT
about the newspapers? Will they __________________ in the near future? APPEAR
I wish they wouldn’t as I like starting my day with a cup of coffee and a
______________________ newspaper. TRADITION
13) What do you think is the most stressful and ______________________ DANGER
job in Britain? Is it a police officer, a detective or a news ______________? REPORT
Well, statistics say it is a London taxi driver. It is a ____________________ REAL
hard job as traffic is getting worse. If we sit in a traffic jam for a few
minutes, we start feeling ___________________ and irritated. But imagine NERVE
you had to do that every day as your job!
And you have to remain ____________ and attentive in spite of everything. CARE
London taxi drivers have to have a good memory to be able to take a
__________________ from A to B without looking at the map or asking for TRAVEL
directions.
14) People spend hours talking on their mobile phones. There is an opinion
that it may be _____________________ to their health, but it is difficult to HARM
know for sure. Some research shows that mobile phones may cause brain
problems. On the other hand, some doctors say mobiles are not
___________________________at all. No matter what doctors say, it’s just DANGER
___________________ to live without a mobile phone today. It has become POSSIBLE
a very _________________ device and people can’t do without it. It makes USE
our life ______________________ and saves time. People can get in touch COMFORT
with each other quickly. Mobile phones make __________________ easier. COMMUNICATE
15) Dublin is the capital city of the Republic of Ireland. It has an
______________________ airport with flights from London and European NATIONAL
capitals. Dublin is a ___________________ and cosmopolitan city. If yo