Зачетное задание "What is hot with the young generation?" 10 класс

Зачетное задание по английскому языку 10 класс «What is hot with the young generation?»
1. Чтение текста. Прочитайте текст соблюдая правила чтения и знаки препинания.
Many subcultures have interests different from those of the mainstream culture. A particular
cultural grouping is a way for young people to express their identity. By the mid-60s, teenagers
had begun to form distinct cultural groupings. Most young people in Britain follow some kind of
youth culture: rocker, hacker, raver, skinhead, hippies, Goth, punk...A subculture is a way of life.
It isn’t a fan club, it’s a real life. It seems to them that the parents are always saying: No! That
everything about them: their hair, their music, clothes, the way they talk, grown-ups consider their
dreams bad. Often young people do something not because they want to do it. They do things
because everybody around does. A subculture is group with a distinct style and identity, fashion,
style and music. Different subcultures have their own beliefs, values, fashions…
2. Выучить слова по теме «Субкультуры»
Identity- личность, идентичность
Subculture- субкультура
Aggressive- агрессивный
Violent- насильственный , жестокий
To rebel, to protest- протестовать
To try out- пробовать
To conform to - подчиняться
To reject- отвергать, отказывать
Liberal- либеральный
выразить себя - to express themselves
похвастаться - to show off
выразить свою принадлежность к определенной субкультуре - to identify with a particular
знать кто они- to know who they are
попробовать всё - to try out all sort of options
отвергать всё - to reject everything
выразить протест против родителей - to protest against the parents
показать, что они против общества - to rebel against the society
изменить мир к лучшему - to change the world to the best
to dress in a shocking way- одеваться шокирующе
brightly coloured hair ярко окрашенные волосы
drug users- люди, употребляющие наркотики
don`t conform to society`s standards не придерживаться общественных стандартов
lifestyle стиль жизни
wizards волшебники
3.Задание на чтение и перевод
You are going to read a magazine article about Teenage Cults. Choose the most suitable
heading from the list A-H for each part (1-6) of the article. There is one extra heading which
you do not need to use. (Соединить текст с заголовком)
teenage idol theory
class theory
drug culture theory
capitalist domination theory
negativity theory
global village theory
reaction theory
The technology theory
1. Teenagers want to show how different they are from their parents and, perhaps more importantly, their
older brothers and sisters. If the last fashion had long hair and wide trousers, then the next one will have short hair
and narrow trousers. There seems to be a lot of truth in this.
2. Because of films, records, television and radio, teenagers are aware of what their contemporaries are doing
all around the English-speaking world. Almost as soon as there were hippies in San Francisco, we had them too. A
problem with this theory is that the time has to be right for a style to be adopted. The main influence on teenagers
remains their friends.
3. Teenagers imitate the people they look up to, chiefly film stars and pop performers. When David Bowie
used eye shadow, so did many of his male fans. However, this only succeeds if the pop star is in tune with the way
youth culture is already going.
4. Many developments in teenage culture were possible only because of new technology. Electric guitars plus
amplification meant that you could have pop groups and pop festivals. The transistor radio made pop music
5. This theory suggests that the nature of a youth cult is determined by the drugs that it takes. Speed
(amphetamine) equals aggression and energy - think of punks and skinheads. Pot (cannabis);equals relaxation and
mysticism - think of hippies. Even ordinary society has its drugs such as alcohol and nicotine. But maybe the style
came before the drug.
6. Youth culture happened because commerce understood that teenagers had money to spend and worked out
ways of making them buy more records, clothes and concert tickets. This does not account for cults that were anti-
consumerist, like the punks and hippies.
7. This is a sophisticated left-wing theory. Youth cults assert the solidarity of young people who are
victimised by society. Skinheads take aspects of working-class culture to-an extreme. They almost enjoy people
looking down on them. There is no simple explanation. My own research points to these general observations.
Firstly, cults don't arrive fully formed, flourish and thenjiie; they are constantly changing-and their message
evolving. Secondly, teenagers only join a cult if it feels right, but most kids want to be something and cults give
them something to be.