Презентация "School and Higher Education in Britain"

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School and Higher Education in Britain Система образования в Британии
  • Евдокимова И.В.
  • ГБОУ СПО Российский колледж традиционной культуры
  • Санкт-Петербурга, 2012
Steps of education in 20th century
  • The end of the nineteenth century - the free and necessary education for the children from 5 to 10 years.
  • At the end of World War all education beyond the age of 11 became `secondary`.
  • About a fifth of all children, chosen by examination, went to grammar schools to get certificates at 16, and then 18.
  • General Certificate of Secondary Education (GCSE) was introduced in 1986.
  • This was designed to give possibility for children of all types and inclinations to pass some subjects corresponding with their talents.
  • The certificates are awarded on a basis, partly of course work, and partly of work on projects made by the children.
School Year
  • Pupils have the vacations in Summer and start their academic year in September.
  • The year consists of three terms.
  • The intervals between the terms are formed by the Christmas and Easter holidays
  • Summer Holidays last five weeks.
  • The schools are open from 9.00 am. until 4.00 pm. all the week days except Saturday and Sunday.
Primary School
  • The first two years children spend on informal development of expression and ability to concentrate. This period starts at five years of age.
  • Often children stay with the same teacher all the time for this whole 'infant' period.
Secondary Schools
  • To give the pupils equal opportunities, the authorities tried to make the secondary schools of equal standard.
  • Parents may ask for their children to go one school rather than another.
  • The old practice of 'streaming', or teaching children in classes separated according to ability, is unfashionable. But is still used.
  • Over the past 100 years a rather small group of about 80 boarding schools had a great effect on the English social attitudes.
  • One of these school, Eton, is perhaps better known by name outside its own country than any other school in the world.
  • It was founded by King Henry VI in 1440 and is located across the Thames river from Windsor Castle.
  • More than half of all peers who have inherited their titles are old Etonians.
Religion Education
  • The law requires that the Christian instructions is given in the ordinary state schools.
  • Nowadays, it takes the form of the study of different religions.
  • On the other hand there are some organized by the Church of England, some Roman Catholic schools and several Muslim schools.
Higher Level Education
  • Children who continue their education after sixteen, go to the 'sixth form
  • Those who hope to continue after eighteen at the universities or other higher-level colleges, aim to get advanced-level GCSE certificates. They are usually in three subjects.
  • Further entry to the university is based on the grades A, B, C, D and E.
The Colleges and University
  • In every small town there is at least one college.
  • Some of the students do full time courses.
  • Many have jobs and attend classes in the evening.
  • Those students who pass the examinations obtain the qualifications of Bachelor /of Science, Art, Justice, etc/.
  • Most people who become BA, BSc, etc. do so at the age of about twenty-one.
  • Degrees are classified.
PhD degree
  • Some students continue to study for degrees of Master /of Arts, Science, etc./ which often need two further years
  • of study, with examination papers and dissertations.
  • A minority go on further, preparing thesis for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy /PhD/.
  • England had only two universities until 1820, Oxford and Cambridge.
  • http://eng.adelanta.info/news/england14/?page=2
    • www.educationvideo.ru
  • http://www.sungreen.co.uk/Coleford-Glos/Coleford-School-1951.htm
  • eng.adelanta.info
  • http://forum.exler.ru/arc/index.php?s=0&showtopic=168415&st=4100
  • www.peacepiper.com
  • http://exchanges.state.gov/globalexchanges/fulbright-teacher-exchange-program.html
  • http://www.mpzxxx.com/
  • http://shkolazhizni.ru/archive/0/n-21392/%C0%E1%F1%EE%EB%FE%F2%ED%FB%E9%20%E0%E4%F0%E5%F1%20%F1%F2%F0%E0%ED%E8%F6%FB