Презентация "The Past Simple Tense"


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The past indefinite tense

The Past Simple Tense

Прошедшее простое время

Употребление

1. Обозначает действие, которое совершалось или совершилось в прошлом

Jake stayed a hotel during his last summer holidays.

Джейк останавливался в отеле во время его последних летних каникул.

2. Обозначает последовательность событий в прошлом.

Anna put her coat on, took the bag and wend for a walk.

Аня надела пальто взяла сумку и пошла гулять.

Образование

+ Подлежащее + V2 (Ved) + второстепенные члены

Mary played the piano.

Mary went to the shop.

- Подлежащее + did not + V1 + второстепенные члены

Mary did not (didn’t) play the piano.

Mary did not (didn’t) go to the shop.

? did + подлежащее + V1 + второстепенные члены

Did Mary play the piano?

Did Mary go to the shop?

Слова-указатели

yesterday вчера

the day before yesterday позавчера

2 days ago 2 дня назад

last week на прошлой неделе

in 1987 в 1987 году

the other day на днях

five minutes ago пять минут назад

an hour ago час назад

Правила присоединения окончания

  • Глагол оканчивается на согласный + y: y i + ed To cry – She cried.
  • Глагол оканчивается на гласный + y: y + ed To play – She played.
  • Глагол оканчивается на краткий гласный + одиночный согласный: согласный * 2 + ed To hop – She hopped.

Правила чтения окончания

1. [d] после звонких согласных и гласных кроме d She played. She answered.

2. [t] после глухих согласных кроме t She dressed.

3. [id] после d и t

She collected. She counted.

Переведите на русский язык

  • Susan washed the sink in the kitchen yesterday.
  • Liz rang up her best friend yesterday.
  • In summer I was in the country.
  • The students went to Moscow last month.
  • He worked hard in the garden yesterday.
  • Сюзен мыла раковину на кухне вчера.
  • 2. Лиза звонила своему лучшему другу вчера.

    3. Летом я был в деревне.

    4. Студенты ездили в Москву в прошлом месяце.

    5. Он работал усердно в саду вчера

    .

Поставьте глаголы в форму

Past Simple

to thank

to listen

to close

to work

to study

to live

to visit

to land

to return

to believe

to translate

to speak

to write

to make

to read

to go

to see

to give

to take

to ring

to hear

to swim

thanked

listened

closed

worked

studied

lived

visited

landed

returned

believed

translated

spoke

wrote

made

read

went

saw

gave

took

rang

heard

swam

Образуйте отрицательную и вопросительную форму

  • He opened the window.
  • Ann translated a letter yesterday.
  • Tib met a famous pop singer yesterday.
  • Last week I got a letter from my parents.
  • We went boating last summer.
  • He did not open the window.
  • 2. Ann did not translate a letter yesterday.

    3. Tib did not meet a famous pop singer yesterday.

    4. Last week I did not get a letter from Ann.

    5. We did not go boating last summer.

Раскройте скобки

  • The child (to tell) lies a minute ago.
  • I (to see) Mary in a bus last Friday.
  • Last weekend we (not to have) a picnic.
  • … Jack (to live) in Paris last year?
  • What… you (to see) in London?
  • The child told lies a minute ago.
  • I saw Mary in a bus last Friday.
  • Last weekend we did not have a picnic.
  • Did Jack live in Paris last year?
  • What did you see in London?

Специальные вопросы

  • What, where, with whom, why, what time
  • I

    he

    she

    Where did it work/go?

    you

    we

    they

  • Who, which of you, which of them.
  • Who worked/went?

Напишите предложения в вопросительной форме

  • Did the pupils wear uniform last year?
  • Did he swim in the lake last summer?
  • Did they go to the theatre the other day?
  • Did Jack lived in Paris last year?
  • The pupils wore uniform last year.
  • He swam in the lake last summer.
  • They went to the theatre the other day.
  • Jack lived in Paris last year.

Thank you for your work