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Презентация "Zero Conditional, First Conditional"


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«Zero Conditional, First Conditional»

Zero conditional.

We use it to

talk about

things which

regularly happen or

scientific facts, instructions, logical

deductions

Form

If-clause

Main clause

If + simple present

simple present

If it rains,

If it doesn’t rain

the ground becomes wet.

the grass doesn’t grow.

Note that we are not talking about a specific event or fact but something which is generally true.

Complete the sentences

  • If people (not to drink), they (to die).
  • If you (to eat) bad food, your health (to become) worse.
  • If you (not to feel) well, you (to go) to the doctor.
  • If babies (to be) hungry, they (to cry).
  • If I (to be) thirsty, I always drink fresh water.
  • If Tom (to have) a birthday party, he usually (to invite) a lot of friends.
  • If Mary (to do) her homework well, her teacher always (to praise) her.
  • If I (to have) a headache, my mother usually (to give) me some medicine.
  • If I (to cough), I (to drink) hot milk with honey.
  • If you (to fly) by a budget airline, you (to have) to pay for your drinks and food.
  • If we (to be) late for school, our teacher (to get) angry.

Match the parts of the sentences

1. If it is cold outside,

a) they die

2.If you never say “thanks”,

b) I put on warm clothes

3.If you don’t water the plants,

c) I put on my sunglasses.

4.If it rains,

d) you are not very polite.

5.If it’s sunny outside,

e) I open my umbrella.

6.If you put milk into the fridge,

f) my parents are very proud of me.

7.If my results at school are good,

g) I always wake up early

8. If I don’t want to be late for school,

h) it becomes cold

Check yourself

1. If it is cold outside,

a) they die

2.If you never say “thanks”,

b) I put on warm clothes

3.If you don’t water the plants,

c) I put on my sunglasses.

4.If it rains,

d) you are not very polite.

5.If it’s sunny outside,

e) I open my umbrella.

6.If you put milk into the fridge,

f) my parents are proud of me.

7.If my results at school are good,

g) I always wake up early

8. If I don’t want to be late for school,

h) it becomes cold

Try to give your own variant

1. If it is cold outside,

2.If you never say “thanks”,

3.If you don’t water the plants,

4.If it rains,

5.If it’s sunny outside,

6.If you put milk into the fridge,

7.If my results at school are good,

8. If I don’t want to be late for school,

Agree or Disagree

1. If it is cold outside,

you stay at home

2.If you are always polite,

people don’t respect you

3.If you don’t water the plants,

they become dry

4.If it rains,

you put on your raincoat

5.If it’s sunny outside,

you spend a lot of time outdoors

6.If you are thirsty,

you always drink warm milk

7.If your results at school are poor,

your teacher praises you

8. If you don’t want to be late for school,

you ask your mother to wake you up early

Instructions

If you want to turn on your washing machine, press the button “Start”.

If you are at home alone, don’t open the door to anybody.

Choose the best ending.

  • If your life is in danger, …
  • If you see red traffic lights, …
  • If you run a temperature, …
  • If you have a toothache, …
  • If you have a problem, …
  • If you don’t want to get into trouble, …
  • (be always careful, go to the dentist, ask your parents for advice, cry for help, don’t cross the road, stay in bed, call the doctor, take some medicine, call the police, tell your parents about it, stop and wait, don’t tell anyone about it)

Complete these conditionals with personal information. Say what you usually do …

… if you have a problem

… if you get into trouble

… if your friend gets into trouble

… if your parents are angry

… if you are very tired after school

Exchange information with a partner. What do you do if you have a problem?

First conditional.

We use it to talk about things which are possible in the future.

So we think they may happen.

If I see him, I will tell him the news.

If I don’t see him, I will phone him tomorrow.

If the main clause comes first DO NOT use a comma.

I will phone him tomorrow if I don’t see him.

If-clause

Main clause

If + simple present

Will + V (1 form)

Form

Let’s have a look at some examples

If I find a good friend, I will tell her my secret

I will take part in the concert if I learn to play the guitar very well

If it rains + you will get wet

I will give him some money + if he washes my car

Make up your own sentences using the pictures

If the weather …

If the weather ….

I will …

Open the brackets

1.Our teacher  (to be) happy if we (to answer) all  the questions correctly.

2.If they (to have) enough money, they (to buy) a new car.

3.I  (to be) very angry with Nick if he (to forget) my CD again.

4.You (to get) very wet if you (to walk) in this rain.

5.We ( to pass) the exam if we (to study) hard.

6.If the weather (to be) not too bad tomorrow, we (to play) football. 

7.If we (to learn)more about history, we (not to be) afraid of the test.

8. If I (to find) his phone number, I (to call) him tonight.

9. If I (to wear) this hat, I (to look) like an old man.

10. If I (to find) her address, I (to send) her an invitation.

11. If I (to work) too much I (to get) tired.

12. If I (not to listen) to my parents, I (to get) into trouble.

13. If he (to miss) the bus, he (to miss) his train.

14. If he (not to get up) early, he (to be) late for classes.

15. If he (to go) to London, he (to visit) the Houses of Parliament.

  •  

Say what you will (won’t) do if you have a lot of money

Say what you will do

  • If I travel to Europe …
  • If I win some money in the lottery …
  • If I have a birthday party …
  • If my friend asks me for help …
  • If I meet a famous actor …
  • If I see a ghost …
  • If I receive a letter in English …
  • If I find a little puppy …
  • If I see a black cat in the street …
  • If I receive a rose from my classmate …

Express your ideas

I if …. I if …

I if … I I if …

I if … I if …

I if … I if …

Good Luck or Bad Luck? Many people believe in superstitions (суеверия). Here are some English superstitions. Try to guess them.

1.If you (find) a horseshoe,

a) you (to have) good luck

2. If you (to walk) under the ladder (лестница) ,

b) you (to have) bad luck

3. If you (to give) a new pair of shoes to a poor person,

4. If you (to open) an umbrella in your own house,

5. If you (to put) your shoes on the table,

6. If you (to spill рассыпать) salt ,

7. If you (to break) the mirror,

8. If the first butterfly you see in the year (to be) white,

Good Luck or Bad luck? Many people believe in superstitions (суеверия). Here are some English superstitions. Try to guess them. Check yourself: 1a, 2b, 3a, 4b, 5b,6b, 7b, 8a

1.If you (find) a horseshoe,

a) you (to have) good luck

2. If you (to walk) under the ladder,

b) you (to have) bad luck

3. If you (to give) a new pair of shoes to a poor person,

4. If you (to open) an umbrella in your own house,

5. If you (to put) your shoes on the table,

6. If you (to spill рассыпать) salt ,

7. If you (to break) the mirror,

8. If the first butterfly you see in the year (to be) white,

Work in pairs. Say what will happen if…

you don’t obey your parents

… you don’t do your homework

… you eat too much chocolate

… you arrive late for the plane

… you don’t help your parents about the house

… you lose your mobile phone

… burglars break into your house

… people hunt a lot of Indian tigers

… we don’t protect nature

… you fall ill

… your friend offends you

Complete these conditionals with personal information.

  • If I have money, ...
  • If I have time tonight, ...
  • If I get good marks in Maths,
  • If I feel like spending time with my friends, ...
  • If my parents let me, ...
  • Exchange information with a partner.

    What will you do if…..? What are you going to do if…?

Read the story “I won’t tell you the time”and open the brackets. Make suppositions.

A rich gentleman, who was travelling

by train, was asked by the young man

sitting next to him what time it was.

“I won’t tell you,” answered the rich gentleman.

“Why not?”, asked the young man.

“Because if I (to tell) you what time it is, …

you (to start) a conversation.

If you (to start) a conversation, …

you (to ask) me about my life.

If I (to tell) you about my life, …

you (to tell) me about yours.

If you (to tell) me about your life, …

we (to make) friends.

If we (to make) friends, …

I (to invite) you to my house for tea.

If you (to come) to my house, …

you (to see) my beautiful daughter.

If you (to see) my beautiful daughter, …

you (to fall) in love with her.

If you (to fall) in love with her, …

you (to ask) her to be your wife.

And I don’t want any man who doesn’t have a watch to marry my daughter. That’s why I won’t tell you the time.

Test

Open the brackets

  • If she (to hurry), she (to be able) to go with us.
  • If the weather (to be) good next week, they (to go) hunting.
  • If it (to snow) tonight, we (to have) to stay at home tomorrow.
  • They (to get) there on time if they (to leave) early.
  • If she (to know) English, she (to get) a good job.
  • Find and correct the mistakes.

  • If he don’t know the words he won’t be able to understand the text.
  • If Mary doesn’t take a taxi, she misses the train.
  • If she come tomorrow, we will go shopping together.
  • If John will take the medicine, he will recover quickly.
  • He will cough a lot if he will smoke again.

Check yourself

Open the brackets

  • If she hurries, she will be able to go with us.
  • If the weather is good next week, they will go hunting.
  • If it snows tonight, we will have to stay at home tomorrow.
  • They will get there on time if they leave early.
  • If she knows English, she will get a good job.
  • Find and correct the mistakes.

  • If he doesn’t know the words he won’t be able to understand the text.
  • If Mary doesn’t take a taxi, she will miss the train.
  • If she comes tomorrow, we will go shopping together.
  • If John takes the medicine, he will recover quickly.
  • He will cough a lot if he smokes again.

Evaluation

15-14 – excellent job (5)

13-11 - good job (4)

10-8 - so-so (3)

7 or less – try again!