Rich in natural resources, wild life and beauty, Komi has long been known as home to the adventurous and attracted people with the pioneer spirit. The republic is as unique as the individuals who live, work and do business there. It is a home of a multicultural population and is rich in traditions and culture.
Though its history and culture are rooted deep in ancient times first mention about the Komi people is dated back to the 10th-12th centuries in written manuscript.
The Komi language belongs to the group of the Finno-Ugrian languages, the Uralic language family.
Material and spiritual culture of all the Finno-Ugric people has much in common.
These people had cultural and trade links with some tribes and people. The Scythians people of Egypt, Middle Asia and Iran experienced significant cultural effect from their developed southern neighbour.
Ancient Komi tribes inhabited the territories along the Kama, Vychegda and Pechora rivers and alien groups of people which settled there before and contributed much to the culture of the Komi people,
In the Russian Chronicles the Komi people are referred to as ‘ Perm ‘- which means ‘back land’, but the Komi people call themselves ‘Komi’.
Geography, Climate and Population
The Komi Republic is both the westernmost and northernmost republic in the European part of Russia. Measuring square kilometers it is one of the large republic in the Russian Federation with rivers and lakes, dense forests and the tundra zone.
Summer in Komi generally runs from June through August, followed by a short autumn. Winter is from October through March. April and May are the traditional months of spring.
The common misconception that the North of Komi is a forever frozen land is countered by sometimes warm summer seasons, which come as a pleasant surprise to visitors.
The population number around 1, 5 million residents of Komi. Over two thirds of the populations are concentrated in the cities… The remaining population is dispersed among the numerous smaller towns, villages and rural locations.
The Republic’s rich natural resources are the source for most of its major industries: oil and gas exploration, production, refining and pipeline transportation, fisheries production and processing, the mining of coal, precious metals like gold, semi-precious stones and forest products. Komi’s largest trading partners are Hungary, Finland and Germany.
Komi’s transportation system is modern and consists of two major airports in Syktyvkar, the capital of the republic, and Vorkuta, the most northerly located city, and smaller airports in nearly each bigger town. The Moscow-Vorkuta railroad connects Komi with the center.
Traditions, Culture, Education
National creative ability of the Komi people is unique and original, the sources of national art being traced in ancient times.
Wood carving, weaving, knitting, pottery making, embroidery, fur and suede processing have always been traditional folk arts of the Komi, which have achieved a new stage with the spiritual revival of the Komi people.
The Republic provides a free education to all its children. Its expenditures per student are among the highest in Russia.
There are currently a lot of post-secondary institutions and programs in the Republic, including the Komi University, several institutes, business schools, and a multitude of vocational, technical and professional training schools.
The rich and original Komi culture has long become part of the World Culture.