Разработка урока "How many Houses does the British Parliament consist of?" 8 класс скачать бесплатно

Разработка урока "How many Houses does the British Parliament consist of?" 8 класс


МБОУ: Прогрессовская ООШ
Разработка урока английского языка
в 8 классе
« How many Houses does the British
Parliament consist of?»
По учебнику К.И.Кауфман, М.Ю.Кауфман Happy English.ru
Учитель: Коток Д.М.,
2015 год
Урок английского языка по теме "The British monarchy and a parliamentary democracy"
УМК для 8 кл общеобразовательных учреждений Happy English.ru . К.И.Кауфман, М.Ю.
Кауфман
Тип урока: урок-обучение новой лексике и развитию умений и навыков чтения.
Цели урока:
Познавательные:
1. Познакомить с основами парламентского государства, с конституционной монархией.
2. Учить работать с тестами.
Развивающие:
1. Развить умение понимать схемы.
2. Развивать навыки устной речи и аудирования по теме"The British monarchy and a parliamentary
democracy".
3. Развитие догадки по аналогам с родным языком.
Воспитательные:
1. Осознание понятия “демократия”.
2. Прививать интерес и уважительное отношение к традициям страны изучаемого языка.
Учебный аспект: формирование лексических навыков чтения и аудирования.
Языковой материал: К.И. Кауфман, М. Ю. Кауфман “Happy English. ru” 8 класс.
Оснащение урока: компьютер, мультимедийный проектор, презентация “The British monarchy
and a parliamentary democracy”, бланк теста, кроссворд, аудиозаписи.
Ход урока
1. Организационный момент.
Good morning boys and girls, and guests! Glad to see you! How are you? Are you fine today?
. So, will you make some predictions? How do you think, what we will do at our lesson today?
(Учащиеся высказывают свои предположения. Повторение Future Simple).
P-1 We’ll speak English
P-2 We’ll answer your questions.
P-3. We’ll get new information about the UK
P-4. We’ll read texts.
P-5. We’ll work in pairs.
P-6. We’ll play a game.
P-7. We’ll watch a computer presentation.
P-8. We’ll listen to a text.
English Teacher: Thank you! At the end of the lesson we’ll see whose prediction will come true.
Today well speak about the political system of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.
2. Фонетическая зарядка.
But at first look at the screen, please. There are some new words there.
Происходит презентации новых лексических единиц и дальнейшее автоматизация уже знакомой
лексики по данной теме, которую учащиеся уже встречали раньше в рецептивном плане.
Учащиеся догадываются о значении интернациональных слов.
a) Listen and read.
b) Which words do you understand? Find the Russian equivalents.
3. Речевая зарядка.
And now, my dear, answer my questions , please.
Учащиеся отвечают на вопросы, используя известную им информацию или основываясь на
собственных знаниях.
Do you know what a political system of Great Britain is?
Who is the head of state in the UK?
Who is the head of the government in the UK?
What are the main political parties in the UK?
Which is the ruling party in Great Britain now and who is its leader?
What is the British Parliament called?
How many Houses does it consist of?
Which House represents the people of Britain?
How often do British people vote for MPs?
What are the members of the House of Commons called?
What is a Woolsack?
b) What do you think 'democracy' means?
People do what they want.
People rule (управляют) the country.
People do what they want within the framework (в рамках) of law (закон).
People elect (избирают) their representatives (представители) to rule the country.
People elect the head of state (глава государства) directly.
People say what they think.
People can live in any place they choose.
The head of state guarantees (гарантирует) the rights (права) of citizens (граждане).
All people and authorities (органы власти) follow the constitution.
4. Работа по схеме.
And now look at the screen to check your answers.
Чтобы проверить правильность ответов на вопросы, учащиеся подробно рассматривают
схему, выделив сначала ее основные составляющие: The Monarch, the Government and Parliament.
Затем выделяют то, что является частью правительства и парламента и их основные функции.
(На экран проецируется схема в двух вариантах. Во втором случае с отображением взаимосвязи
отдельных ветвей власти).
There is a scheme of the political system of the UK. You know, Great Britain and Northern
Ireland is a constitutional monarchy.
This means that Great Britain is governed by the Parliament and the Queen is the head of State.
The British Parliament consists of two chambers: the House of Lords and the House of
Commons. The House of Lords is composed of hereditary and life peers. The members of the House of
Commons are elected by the people. The House of Commons is the real governing body of the UK.
The government is usually formed by the political party which is supported by the majority in
the House of Commons. Prime minister is the majority party leader and is appointed by the Queen.
Prime Minister chooses a team of ministers; 20 of the ministers are in the Cabinet.
The second largest party becomes the official opposition with its own leader and the Shadow
Cabinet.
THE MONARCH
Is the official head of state and an integral part of Parliament in her constitutional role; has mostly
representative functions; gives the royal assent to the bills passed by the House of Commons and the
House of Lords; is the head of the Commonwealth of Nations
The monarch is the official head of state and an integral part of Parliament in her constitutional role.
The present monarch is the Queen Elizabeth. She has mostly representative function. Everything today
is done in the Queen’s name. It’s her government, her forces, her law courts and so on. She appoints
all the Ministers, including the Prime Minister. She also gives the royal assent to the bills passed by the
House of Commons and the House of Lords. Everything is done however on the advice of the elected
Government, and the monarch takes no part in the decision-making process.
THE GOVERNMENT
the Prime Minister
is the head of government; is the leader of the party with the majority seats (места) in the House of
Commons
The Prime Minister is the head of government. He is the leader of the party with the majority seats in
the House of Commons. The Prime Minister chooses about 20 MPs from his or her party to become the
Cabinet of Ministers. It determines government policies and coordinates government departments.
Each minister is responsible for a particular area of the government. The second largest party becomes
the official opposition with its own leader and “Shadow cabinet”.
the Cabinet
about 20 ministers; determines government policies and coordinates government departments
Non-Cabinet Ministers
PARLIAMENT
the House of Commons
(about 650 elected MPs - members of Parliament) makes laws; discusses political problems
the Official Opposition
the largest opposition party; forms the Shadow Cabinet (“теневойкабинет)
the House of Lords
(over 1,100 permanent, non-elected members; peers (пэры, лорды) and life peers) examines and
revises bills from the House of Commons; can delay bills for one year
The British Parliament consists of the House of Lords and the House of Commons. The House of
Commons plays the major role in law-making. It consists of 650 elected Members of Parliament, each
of whom represents an area in England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. The House of
Commons is presided over by the Speaker.
The House of Lords has more than 1000 members, but only about 250 take an active part in the work
of the House. This House consists of hereditary and life peers. The chairman of the House of Lords is
the Lord Chancellor and he sits on a special seat called the Woolsack.
The members of the House of Lords debate