England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland.
The British parliamentary system depends on political parties. The political parties
choose candidates in elections.
A proposed law, a bill has to go through three stages in order to become an Act of
Parliament. They are called readings. It the majority of MPs still votes for the bill,
it is sent to the House of Lords for discussion. When the Lords agree, the bill is
taken to the Queen for the Royal assent. All bills must pass through both Houses
before being sent for signature by the Queen.
1. In the USA the House of Representatives has got 435 members. How many
members are in the House of Commons? (About 650 MPs.) How often are they
elected? (They elected every five years.)
2. Who presides in the House of Commons? (The House of Commons is presided
by the Speaker. MPs sit on two sides of the hall one side for the governing party
and the other for the opposition. The first two rows of seats are occupied by the
leading members of both parties (called “front-benchers”), the back benches
belong to the rank- and-file MPs (”back-benches”).)
3. Name the most important political parties in Britain, please. (The Conservative
Party, The Liberal Party, The Labor Party. The Conservative Party and Liberal
Parties are the oldest and until the end of the 19th century they were the only
parties elected to the House of Commons.)
The House of Lords.
The other House of the Parliament is the House of Lords. Members of the House of
Lords (peers) are not elected. About 70 per cent of them are “here-dietary peers”
because their fathers were peers before them. The other 30 per cent are “life
peers”, whose titles are not passed on to their children. They officially appointed
by the Queen, on their government, for various services to the nation.
1. Who presides in the House of Lords? (The chairman of the House of Lords is
the Lord Chancellor and he sits on a special seat called the Woolsack.)
2. How many members in the House of Lord? (There more than 1000 members,
although only about 250 take an active part in the work of the House.)
3. Every country has a lot of symbols, especially Great Britain. Our Russian
symbol is the Russian national flag. This flag has three stripes: white, blue, red.
White – noble and sincere.
Blue – honest and devoted to friends, family and to the country.
Red – love and bravery.
4. What is the meaning of your flag? (Our flag is the Union Jack. It is red, white
and blue and made up of three crosses: the cross of St. George, the cross of St.
Patrick and the cross of St. Andrew, symbolizing England, Ireland and
IV. Are these countries democratic?