Конспект урока "Excursion across the world" 10 класс


Урок английского языка в 10 классе «EXCURSION ACROSS THE
WORLD» (Экскурсия по странам мира) с применением технологии «
диалога культур»
Мартынова Валентина Александровна, учитель английского языка,
МБОУ «Учхозская СОШ», Краснослободского района Республики
Мордовия.
ЦЕЛЬ: Развитие интереса у детей к изучению иностранных языков
ЗАДАЧИ:
Образовательные: развивать умение пользоваться опорами для формулирования
высказывания; развивать общемыслительные и речевые способности учащихся;
расширять кругозор учащихся в процессе обучения; практиковать в чтении с полным
пониманием, ознакомить учащихся со страноведческим материалом по странам
изучаемого языка (географическое положение, достопримечательности, культура).
Воспитательные:
Воспитывать у учащихся чувство требовательности к себе и
дисциплинированность.
Воспитывать у учащихся толерантность, уважение к иноязычной культуре.
Проблема: Воспитание толерантности. Воспитание коммуникативной личности. Развитие
умения общаться, слышать и слушать.
Ход урока:
T: Good afternoon, friends! How are you? I hope you are well. I’ll tell you a little secret. Today
is Monday. The weather is fine and we are going to fly across the world “Mordovia - USA -
Britain - Mordovia”. Our flight will last 45 minutes. We’ll visit the United States of America and
its capital Washington D.C. Then we’ll go to Great Britain and its capital London. After that
we’ll go to Mordovian Republic and to its capital Saransk. Then we’ll take a bus “Saransk -
Krasnoslobodsk and we’ll come back home. Now good luck to you and enjoy your travel.
Now we are on American land.
Welcome to America! Nadya will tell us about the geographical position of the USA.
P1: The USA is one of the largest countries in the world. It is situated in the central part of the
North American continent. The area of the USA is over nine million square kilometers. It is
washed by the Pacific Ocean and by the Atlantic Ocean. The population of the United States is
nearly 25 million people. The main river of the country is Mississippi. But there are many other
great rivers in the USA: the Colorado in the South and the Columbia in the north-west. There are
five great lakes between the USA and Canada. There are many big cities in the country. They are
Washington, New York, Boston, Chicago, Hollywood. There are many scientific institutions,
museums, libraries, theatres and other interesting places in the country. The USA consists of 50
states.
P2: I would like to tell you about capital of the USA - Washington D.C. It was named in honor
of the first American president - George Washington.
Washington has many famous sights: the Library of Congress, the Capitol, the National Gallery
of Arts and others.
The Capitol stands in the centre of the city. It is the tallest and the most famous building in
Washington. This is where laws are made.
The White House is the beautiful hone of every President of the United States. This is the oldest
building in Washington.
The Library of Congress is the largest library in the USA. It takes 340 miles of shelves.
There are many monuments and memorials in Washington. The best - known are the Lincoln
Memorial, the Jefferson Memorial and the Washington Monument. In the National Air and
Space Museum (NASA - museum) we can see the history of flight.
The National Gallery of Art is one of the finest picture galleries in America.
T: Thank you, Kolya. You may sit down. And tell what do you know about American flag?
P2: American flag has 13 stripes, 50 stars.
T: That’s right. Let’s read the text about American flag. (учащиеся читают текст в учебнике
на стр. 368.)
T: Let’s do the test: What do you know about America?)
(Учащиеся читают и переводят текст и совершают виртуальную экскурсию по Белому
Дому)
T:We’ve made a very interesting excursion. But I think we must fly to Great Britain. Good bye,
America! Hello, Great Britain! We are flying high in the sky. Now we are in Great Britain.
Welcome to Great Britain! Let’s listen to Sergei. He’ll tell us about the geographical position of
Great Britain.
P3: Great Britain is the largest island of the British Isles. It is divided into three parts: England,
Scotland and Wales. England is the southern and the central part of Great Britain. Scotland is in
the North of the island and Wales is in the West. Northern Ireland is situated in the north -
eastern part of Ireland.
There are no high mountains on these islands. Ben Nevis in Scotland is the highest mountain.
The northern part of Scotland is called Highlands and the southern part is called Lowlands.
Britain has many rivers but they are not very long. The Severn in England is the longest river. It
is 350 km. long. It flows south - west into the Irish Sea.
The climate of the British Isles is not very cold in winter and never very hot in summer. All
parts of the British Isles get a lot of rain in all seasons.
T: What is the capital of Great Britain?
P: London is the capital of Great Britain.
T: That’s right. Let’s make London sightseeing tour. (виртуальная экскурсия по Лондону)
London is one of the largest cities of the world. About seven million people live there. London is
more than two thousand years old. The most famous London sights are Tower Bridge, Big Ben,
Houses of Parliament, Trafalgar Square.
P4: Trafalgar Square is a big square of London. On the column in the centre there is a statue of
Admiral Nelson who defeated the French at the Battle of Trafalgar in 1805.
Piccadilly Circus is the meeting point of six streets.
Buckingham Palace is the London home of the Queen. When the flag is flying in the top she is
at home. The changing the Guard happens every day at 11.30 a.m.
The Houses of Parliament is the seat of the British government. Big Ben is one of the most
famous clocks in the world.
Westminster Abbey is a royal church. Here you can see the tombs of many British Kings and
queens and other famous people and the beautiful Henry the seventh Chapel.
Hyde Park is a very democratic park. In the park anyone can stand up and say what they want.
St. Paul’s Cathedral is the greatest work of the architect Sir Christopher Wren.
The Tower of London was a fortress, a royal palace and later a prison. It is a museum now.
There are a lot of interesting collections in the Tower of London.
Tower Bridge is over the river Thames. From here you can see the Tower of London.
The British Museum is one of the largest museums in the world. It consists of the National
Library and Museum of History, Archeology, Art and Ethnography.
T: We’ve made excursion. Tell me what English writers and poets do you know?
P: W. Shakespeare, J. Swift, A. Milne. D. Defoe.
T: I would like you to tell us about the greatest poet W. Shakespeare. Do you know when and
where was he born?
P5: He was born in Stratford - on - Avon in 1564. He was a writer and an actor. He died in 1616.
T: That’ right. But what plays by Shakespeare do you know? You can say them in Russian?
P: "Ромео и Джульета", "Гамлет", "Король Лир", "Отелло".
( учитель переводит названия на английский язык).
P5:W. Shakespeare was born in 1564. When he was a schoolboy he had no time to rest. When he
had a free time he went to the forest or to the river Avon.
Actors and actresses came to Stratford - on - Avon that time. William liked to watch them.
He went to London. There he became an actor and he wrote plays. He was a play writer too. His
plays were staged in many theatres and were translated into many languages. That made
Shakespeare a very famous man. We know such plays as "King Lear", "Othello", "Hamlet" and
others. He wrote many sonnets too. We don't know many facts from Shakespeare’s life but
many people know his plays and admire them today.
T: This is the house where, Shakespeare was born. Here he played as a boy, attended a local
Grammar school and married Ann Hothaway. Here he returned to the town with which his name
is closely linked. This is the monument to Shakespeare 's there and this is the Royal Shakespeare
's theatre that was opened nowadays. Only Shakespeare 's plays are staged here. Today
thousands of tourists visit Stratford each year.
T: I know that you prepared some poems and sonnets of Shakespeare. I prepared a poem too. It
is from his play "Macbeth" - the last monolog of Macbeth. Listen to it.
Tomorrow, and tomorrow, and tomorrow,
Creeps in this petty pace from day to day,
To the last syllable of recorded time;
And all our yesterdays have lighted fools
The way to dusty death. Out, out, brief candle!
Life's but a walking shadow; a poor player.
That struts and frets his hours upon the stage,
And then is heard no more: it is a tale
Told by an idiot, full of sound and fury,
Signifying nothing.
Так- в каждом деле. Завтра, завтра, завтра, -
А дни ползут, и вот уж в книге жизни
Читаем мы последний слог и видим,
Что все слова лишь озаряли путь к могиле пыльной.
Дотлевай, огарок!
Жизнь – это только тень, комедиант,
Поясничавший полчаса на сцене
И тут же позабытый; это повесть,
Которую пересказал дурак;
В ней много слов и страсти, нет лишь смысла.
(Учащиеся читают по частям монолог Жака из комедии В. Шекспира As you like it")
All the world's a stage.
And all the men and women merely players;
They have their exits and their entrances;
And one man in his time plays many parts,
His acts being seven ages.
At first the infant,
Mewling and puking in the nurse's arms
Then the whining school - boy, with his satchel
And shining morning face, creeping like snail
Unwillingly to school.
And then the lover.
Sighing like furnace, with a woeful ballad
Made to his mistress' eyebrow.
Then a soldier,
Full of strange oaths, and bearded like the pard,
Jealous in honour, sudden and quick in quarrel,
Seeking the bubble reputation
Even in the cannon's mouth.
And then the justice,
In fair round belly with good capon lined,
With eyes severe and beard of formal cut
Full of wise saws and modern instances;
And so he plays his part.
The sixth age shifts
Into the lean and slippered pantaloon,
With spectacles on nose and pouch on side;
His youthful hose, well saved, a world too wide
For his shrunk shank; and his big manly voice,
Turning again toward childish treble, pipes
And whistles in his sound. Last scene of all,
That ends this strange eventful history,
In second childishness and mere oblivion;
Sans teeth, sans eyes, sans taste, sans everything.
Listen to the same monolog acting by the English actor (прослушивание монолога)
And the translation of this poem by T. Shchepkina Kupernic:
Весь мир – театр.
В нём женщины, мужчины – все актёры.
У них свои есть выходы, уходы,
И каждый не одну играет роль.
Семь действий в пьесе той:
Сперва младенец,
Ревущий горько на руках у мамки.
Потом плаксивый школьник с книжкой, сумкой,
С лицом румяным нехотя, улиткой,
Ползущий в школу.
А затем любовник, вздыхающий, как печь с балладой грустной
В честь брови милой.
А затем солдат, чья речь всегда проклятьями полна,
Обросший бородой, как леопард,
Ревнивый к чести, забияка в ссоре,
Готовый славу бренную искать
Хоть в пушечном жерле.
Затем судья.
С брюшком округлым, где каплун запрятан,
Со строгим взором, стриженой бородкой,
Шаблонных правил и сентенций кладезь, -
Так он играет роль.
Шестой же возраст –
Уж это будет тощий Панталоне,
В очках, в туфлях, у пояса – кошель.
В штанах, что с юности берёг широких
Для ног иссохших: мужественный голос
Сменяется опять дискантом детским:
Пищит, как флейта…
А последний акт,
Конец всей этой странной, сложной пьесы –
Второе детство, полузабытьё:
Без глаз, без чувств, без вкуса, без всего…
T: Shakespeare's language is very rich. It was easy for the common people of those days to
understand. Many phrases became part of people's everyday language. There are some common
phrases which the English owe to William Shakespeare.
1." Alas, poor Yorick" Увы, бедный Йорик!
2. A11 the world's a stage... Becь мир театр
3.Et tu, Brute? И ты, о рут!
4.Every inch a king! Король, король – от головы до ног!
5.Get thee to a nunnery. Уйди в монастырь
6.If music be the food of love, play on - O, музыка, ты пища для любви!
7.Lord, what fools these mortals be! - O, как безумен род льдской!
8.Nether a borrower nor a lender be. В долг не бери и взаймы не давай
9.Out damned spot! Прочь, проклятое пятно!
10. Pound of flesh Фунт мяса
11. Romeo, Romeo! Wherefore art thou Romeo? Ромео, Ромео! О, зачем же ты Ромео!
12. Something is rotten in the state of Denmark. Подгнило что-то в датском государстве.
13. To be, or not to be! Быть или не быть…
14. Tomorrow, and tomorrow and tomorrow... - 3aвтра, завтра, завтра…
15. All is well that ends well Bсё хорошо, что хорошо кончается
16. All that glitters is not gold. - He всё то золото, ч то блестит.
17. Much ado about nothing. Много шума из ничего.
18. The show must go on! Спектакль должен продолжаться!
T: Thank you. I think it’s time to come back to our native republic Mordovian Republic.
Listen to Natasha’s report about geographical position, flag and coat of arms of Mordovia.
(слайды48-50)
P4: The Repiblic Mordovia is in the central part of the Russian Vain. It has 22 regions. In the
North it borders on the Nizhegorodskaya district, in the east the Ulyanovskaya district, in the
South Penzenskaya district, in the West the Ryazanskaya district, and in the north west
Republic Chuvashiya.
There are 22 regions in Mordovia and 21 big centres. There are many big and small rivers. The
Head of Mordovian Republic is N.I. Merkushkin.
The climate is temperate continental. The nature of the republic is very various. Mordovia is
the multicultural republic. Mordva, Russians, Tatars, Belorussians, Ukrainains live there.
The flag of Mordovia has three stripes: red. white and blue. In the middle of the white stripe
there is a red rose with 8 leaves. It’s a symbol of the Sun. It symbolizes a warmness, kindness
and stability. Flag of Mordovia means: to live and develop in kindness and free on our own
fertile land.
The Mordovian coat of arms is gold. It symbolizes beauty of nature, towns and villages, cultural
and national wealth.
T: As you know, Mordovia has it’s own anthem. It is written in Moksha, Erzya and Russian
languages. (Один из учащихся читают гимн Мордовии).
And now listen to Sveta’s report about the capital of Mordovian Republic-Saransk.
P5: Saransk is the capital of Mordovian Republic and the largest cultural and educational centre.
There are many theatres, libraries, museums, institutes and universities, Art Gallery in Saransk.
There are many famous people, writers, singers lived and live in our republic. Such as N.
Kosheleva, L. Ganina, M. Antonova, K. Abramov, S.Erzya and others.
In 1978 the museum of Fine Arts (Erzya Museum) was opened. Here you can see the pictures
of Sychkov, Makarov, the sculpturs of Erzya.
The name of Erzya is known not only in Russia but in many countries. Erzya is his pseudonym.
His real name is Stepan Dmitrievich Nefedov. Erzya means the name of one of Mordvinian
ethnic groups.
These are his works. (показываются картинки с изображением скульптур Эрьзи.) In his
works Erzya expressed love for Mordovia and its people. The people of Mordovia are proud of
their talented son.
P6: I’d like to tell some words about The First international festival of Finno-Ugric nations
"SHUMBRAT, FINNO-UGRIA!". It was held in the capital of Mordovia - Saransk in July.
Many delegations from Hungary, Finland, all Finno-Ugric republics of Russia, people from more
than 30 Russian regions arrived in Saransk.
President of Russia Vladimir Putin, President of Finland, and Prime-Minister of Hungary
arrived in Saransk during the festival.
The opening ceremony was held on the stadium “Start”, where the guests and the hosts were
presented Finno-Ugric music including folklore and modern popular shows.
T: I’ve got a book. It’s called “Shunbrat, Finno Ugria!”
It was given me as a gift from the Head of our Republic N.I. Merkushkin. This book is
dedicated to the I International Festival of Finno Ugric nations. As you know this Festival was
opened in July 2007 in Saransk. There were many different events there. And this book has an
interesting information about them.
Here you can see the pictures of opening Festival. You can find speeches of Presidents. They
say that it is important to keep safe common traditions of Finno Ugric people and pass them
over to coming generations.
(учитель рассказывает о книге)
I advice you to watch the pictures and get some information from this book because I find this
book interesting and beautiful. And the pictures are very colorful and quality.
And now it’s time to come back to our town – Krasnoslobodsk. Listen to Dima’s report about
our town. (сообщение о городе Краснослободске)
T: Ive got another book. It’s called “Krasnaya Sloboda”.
It was given me as a gift too, but from the Head of our district. This book is dedicated to
Krasnoslobodsk district. The book was printed in 2007 to the 80 anniversary of our district.
From the first pages we can see the coat of arms of Krasnoslobodsk old and new one.
(учитель рассказывает о книге)
I advice you to watch the pictures and get some information from this book because I find this
book interesting and beautiful and it’s very important to know the history of your town or your
settlement.
I hope that the information you've got today was interesting and useful for you and it broadens
your outlook.
Communication
Teacher. If somebody decided to make a tour, what do you think they should do?(слайд57)
P. First they should choose the country
P. to prepare all documents
P. to make an application for а tour
P. to pack a suitcase
P. to exchange money
P. to know English and use it in different situations
Разыгрывание диалогов по ролям.
Teacher. Now try to act the dialogues in pairs.
(Учащиеся разыгрывают диалоги по парам)
A: What about going to New York for our holidays this year?
B: Yes, but I’m not sure about the best way to get there.
A: We could go by boat. It’s the most comfortable way to travel .
B: You’re right. And if we book a cabin, we’ll get a good night’s sleep.
A: That’s a dill. / OK
Well, our trip is over. Thank you for the lesson. Good bye.
Список использованной литературы:
1. Кузовлев В.П. «Английский язык. Учебник для 10-11 классов
общеобразовательных учреждений». М: «Просвещение» 2009.
2. Клементьева Т.Б., Шеннон Д. «Счастливый английский. Кн.2» Обнинск. «Титул»,
1998г
3. Под редакцией Н.С. Крутова «Шумбрат, Финно-Угрия!:I Международный
фестиваль национальных культур финно-угорских народов», Саранск, 2008г
4. В .А. Юрченков «Красная Слобода», Саранск 2008 г.
5. В. Шекспир «Комедии, хроники, трагедии», Москва, 1989г.
Использованные материалы и Интернет-ресурсы
1. Журнал «Иностранные языки в школе».-1997.-№6.
2. http://festival.1september.ru/articles/568683/