The Olympic Games were one of the most revered public festivals of ancient Rome (Hellas), and later the entire ancient world. According to Greek legends, the founder of the Olympic Games was a fabulous hero Heracles.
Olympic Games were held every three years in the "sacred" for the ancient Greeks around Altis, which was also called the Olympia.
Types of events
The program of events included running, wrestling, swimming, discus throwing or javelin throwing, running with arms, race in horse-drawn chariot with four horses.
Running with arms
Race in horse-drawn chariot with four horses
The winners of the Olympic Games
The winners of the Olympic Games enjoyed exceptional honor and respect. In their honor, poets composed laudatory odes, they put up a monument, arranged ceremonial meetings at home, awarded with wreaths of birch branches.
New History of the Olympic Games
New History of the Olympic Games begins in 1894, when London hosted the International Sports Congress. There were represented 34 countries (including Russia). Congress decided to revive the Olympic Games and the first Games to be held in Greece. They opened April 5, 1896 in Athens. Because of the wars they were not only held in 1916, 1940 and 1944.
Modern Olympic Games
Modern Olympic Games is the world's largest multi-sport competition. The program of games is constant, it doesn’t change. Typically, it includes more than twenty summer sports. For example, in the XVI Olympic Games program for men included : athletics, gymnastics, weightlifting, wrestling, freestyle wrestling and classic, boxing, swimming, diving, water polo, modern pentathlon, rowing and canoeing, rowing, shooting sports and Posters, cycling, horse riding, sailing, fencing, field hockey, basketball, football. Women competed in athletics, gymnastics, swimming, diving, rowing and fencing .