Locals call our motherland «the Second Switzerland» because of its beautiful nature,
mountainous landscapes, meandering rivers and fresh air. In 2009 the broadcasting
company "Bashkortostan" took a vote in order to identify the Seven wonders of
Bashkortostan. 180 objects were proposed, which scored the highest number of votes.
According to the results of the competition seven sites were selected, they are the Shulgan-
Tash (Kapova) Cave, Krasnousolsk Mineral Spring, Epos “Ural-batyr”, Salavat Yulayev
Monument,Kurai,Yangantau Mountain, Bashkir Honey.
Today we would like to tell you about this wonders.
1-ый ученик: I’ll talk about the Shulgan-Tash (Kapova) Cave
Shulgan-tash cave is one of karstovy caves of South Ural. It is located on the bank of the
river Agidel, in our Burzyans district. The name «Shulgan-Tash» comes from Bashkir
language. «Tash» means «stone», and «Shulgan» is the name of the river that flows into
White river next to the cave entrance. Shulgan-Tash contains more than 3 km of passages
with big halls, galleries and lakes. Natural monument is famous for the rock paintings of
prehistoric man of the Paleolithic. It is known that in prehistoric times the cave was used as
a temple. From 1965 Shulgan-tash is declared as the natural zapovednik of Russia. Nature
reserve Shulgan-Tash is included in a Tentative UNESCO World Heritage List.
2 – й ученик: Kurai
Kurai is an ancient Bashkir national musical instrument in a form of an open flute made of
certain sort of umbrella plant.Kurai refers to aerophones,its length varies from 18 cm to 1
m.There are many folk legends and fairy tales about the origin of Bashkir kurai. In the
legend of «Kurai» a boy went towards the sound and saw a reed that produces gentle
melodic sound in the wind. A boy cut the cane, put it to his lips and began to play.The
Bashkir flag contains kurai flower and symbolizes friendship. Seven petals of kurai flower
represent the unity of seven tribes who brought unity and consolidation to Bashkortostan.
3 – й ученик: Bashkir Honey
Bashkir honey is a biologically active product, collected by bees from nectar of melliferous
plants. Beekeeping flourished on the territory of Bashkortostan since ancient times and
developed over the centuries. Bashkir beekeepers learnt how to produce high quality
organic honey with minimal human intervention. Every year Bashkir honey bees get the