Презентация "Past Tenses in English" 9 класс


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PAST TENSES IN ENGLISH ГРУППА ПРОШЕДШИХ ВРЕМЕН В АНГЛИЙСКОМ ЯЗЫКЕ

Past Simple – Прошедшее простое

  • Прошедшее простое время выражает действие, которое произошло в
  • прошлом в неопределенный момент времени. Данное время образуется
  • При помощи V2.
  • Правильные глаголы: finish – finished – finished
  • Неправильные глаголы: go – went – gone
  • Слова – спутники:
  • yesterday – вчера
  • a week ago – неделю назад
  • last month – в прошлом месяце
  • Example:
  • Ann finished her work yesterday. Аня закончила свою работу вчера.
  • My brother went to the library a week ago. Мой брат ходил в библиотеку вчера.

Past Simple – Прошедшее простое

  • Правильные глаголы: finish – finished – finished
  • Неправильные глаголы: go – went – gone
  • Example:
  • Ann finished her work yesterday.
  • My brother went to the library a week ago.
  • Вопросительная форма образуется при помощи вспомогательного
  • глагола did. ( do – did – done)
  • 1. Общий вопрос
  • Did Ann finish her work yesterday? Yes, she did. / No, she didn’t.
  • Did my brother go to the library a week ago? Yes, he did. / No, he didn’t.

Past Simple – Прошедшее простое

  • Правильные глаголы: finish – finished – finished
  • Неправильные глаголы: go – went – gone
  • Example:
  • Ann finished her work yesterday.
  • My brother went to the library a week ago.
  • 2. Специальный вопрос
  • What did Ann finish yesterday?
  • Where did my brother go a week ago?
  • Вопрос к подлежащему
  • Who finished her work yesterday?
  • Who went to the library a week ago?

Past Simple – Прошедшее простое

  • Правильные глаголы: finish – finished – finished
  • Неправильные глаголы: go – went – gone
  • Example:
  • Ann finished her work yesterday.
  • My brother went to the library a week ago.
  • 3. Альтернативный вопрос
  • Did Ann finish her work yesterday or the day before yesterday?
  • Did my brother go to the library a week ago or a month ago?

Past Simple – Прошедшее простое

  • Правильные глаголы: finish – finished – finished
  • Неправильные глаголы: go – went – gone
  • Example:
  • Ann finished her work yesterday.
  • My brother went to the library a week ago.
  • 4. Разделительный вопрос
  • Ann finished her work yesterday, didn’t she?
  • Ann didn’t finish her work yesterday, did she?
  • My brother went to the library a week ago, didn’t he?
  • My brother didn’t go to the library a week ago, did he?
  • Отрицательная форма did + not = didn’t
  • Ann didn’t finish her work yesterday.
  • My brother didn’t go to the library a week ago.

Past Progressive – Прошедшее длительное

  • Прошедшее длительное время выражает действие, которое происходило
  • в прошлом в определенный момент времени. Данное время образуется
  • при помощи was/were (глагол to be в форме Past) +Ving.
  • Example: read – читать watch – смотреть, наблюдать
  • My mother was reading a book at two o’clock in the afternoon.
  • Моя мама читала книгу в два часа дня.
  • My parents were watching TV, when I came home.
  • Мои родители смотрели телевизор, когда я пришел домой.
  • Общий вопрос
  • Was my mother reading a book at two o’clock in the afternoon?
  • Yes, she was. / No, she wasn’t.
  • Were my parents watching TV, when I came home?
  • Yes, they were. / No, they weren’t.

Past Progressive – Прошедшее длительное

  • Example: read – читать watch – смотреть, наблюдать
  • My mother was reading a book at two o’clock in the afternoon.
  • My parents were watching TV, when I came home.
  • 2. Специальный вопрос
  • What was my mother reading at two o’clock in the afternoon ?
  • When were my parents watching TV?
  • Вопрос к подлежащему
  • Who was reading a book at two o’clock in the afternoon?
  • Who were watching TV, when I came home?

Past Progressive – Прошедшее длительное

  • Example: read – читать watch – смотреть, наблюдать
  • My mother was reading a book at two o’clock in the afternoon.
  • My parents were watching TV, when I came home.
  • 3. Альтернативный вопрос
  • Was my mother reading a book or a magazine at two o’clock in the
  • afternoon?
  • Were my parents or my friends watching TV, when I came home?
  • 4. Разделительный вопрос
  • My mother was reading a book at two o’clock in the afternoon, wasn’t she?
  • My parents were watching TV, when I came home, weren’t they?
  • My mother wasn’t reading a book at two o’clock in the afternoon, was she?
  • My parents weren’t watching TV, when I came home, were they?
  • Отрицательная форма: was + not = wasn’t were + not = weren’t
  • My mother wasn’t reading a book at two o’clock in the afternoon.
  • My parents weren’t watching TV, when I came home.

Past Perfect – Прошедшее завершенное

  • Прошедшее завершенное время выражает действие, которое произошло
  • (завершилось) в прошлом к определенному моменту. Данное время
  • образуется при помощи had + V3.
  • Example: write – wrote – written
  • Слова – спутники: by - к
  • My sister had written the letter by the time her dad came home.
  • Моя сестра написала письмо к тому времени, когда папа пришел домой.
  • 1. Общий вопрос
  • Had my sister written the letter by the time her dad came home?
  • Yes, she had. / No, she hadn’t.
  • Специальный вопрос
  • What had my sister written by the time her dad came home?
  • Who had written the letter by the time her dad came home?

Past Perfect – Прошедшее завершенное

  • My sister had written the letter by the time her dad came home.
  • Моя сестра написала письмо к тому времени, когда папа пришел домой.
  • 3. Альтернативный
  • Had my sister written the letter or the text by the time her dad came home?
  • 4. Разделительный вопрос
  • 1) My sister had written the letter by the time her dad came home, hadn’t she?
  • 2) My sister hadn’t written the letter by the time her dad came home, had she?
  • Отрицательная форма
  • My sister hadn’t written the letter by the time her dad came home.

Past Perfect Progressive – Прошедшее завершенно-длительное

  • Прошедшее завершенно-длительное время выражает действие, которое
  • началось и продолжалось уже в течение какого-либо отрезка времени до
  • определенного момента в прошлом. Данное время образуется при
  • помощи had + been + Ving.
  • Example: dance - танцевать
  • The children had been dancing for an hour when I came to the party.
  • Дети танцевали уже час, когда я пришел на вечеринку.
  • Общий вопрос
  • Had the children been dancing for an hour when I came to the party?
  • Yes, they had. / No, they hadn’t.
  • 2. Специальный вопрос
  • When had the children been dancing for an hour?
  • Вопрос к подлежащему
  • Who had been dancing for an hour when I came to the party?

Past Perfect Progressive – Прошедшее завершенно-длительное

  • The children had been dancing for an hour when I came to the party.
  • Дети танцевали уже час, когда я пришел на вечеринку.
  • 3. Альтернативный вопрос
  • Had the children been dancing for an hour when I came to the party?
  • Yes, they had. / No, they hadn’t.
  • 4. Разделительный вопрос
  • 1) The children had been dancing for an hour when I came to the party, hadn’t they?
  • 2) The children hadn’t been dancing for an hour when I came to the party, had they?
  • Отрицательная форма
  • The children hadn’t been dancing for an hour when I came to the party.

  • Презентацию подготовила
  • Сироштанова Е.А.
  • МБОУ СОШ № 76, п. Гигант
  • 2016 год