Read and find the new words given above in the text. Pay attention to their meanings.
I.The Aral Sea was the fourth largest lake in the world. The former sea
bed is now a salt desert. It was once the home to 24 species of fish. More and
more water is used for irrigations and this may cause a reduction of water
pouring into the Aral Sea. As the result of the shrinkage of the Sea a lot of
fishermen lost their jobs.
II.The dying Aral Sea is one of the world's environmental disasters. The
environment around the lake and health of the people have been damaged.
The Sea has changed the climate of the region greatly. The fertile soil is
covered by the salt blown from the dry sea-bed. The air contains salt, dust
and pollutants blown from the sea-bed. The air pollution and water pollution
cause serious health problems. A lot of people suffer from different serious
III.Several international organizations including UNDP are now hel¬ping the Government of Kazakhstan
to solve the problem of the dying
The earth is our home. We must take care of it for ourselves and for the future generations.
The importance of this task is great as scientists who study the relation of man to nature say. These
scientists are called "ecologists", from the Greek word "oikos", which means home. Ecologists are trying
to keep the land, air and water clean.
Why must we keep our earth clean?
We have only a certain amount of fresh water and clean air and we must take care of it. If we don't stop
air and water pollutions , trees and flowers won't grow, fish will die in dirty water. We will have to
breathe dirty air.
Of course, people are working to make the earth cleaner, but they must do more. What can people do
to make earth cleaner? Factories must stop polluting air, rivers and lakes with waste products and
chemicals. They must work on it more. Lakes and rivers must be cleaned and kept clean.
Environmental problems concern everyone. We should remember that everyone can do something to
solve them. We all want to live in a clean world.
1.What's the problem of the Aral region?
2. Is the problem of the Aral Sea only the problem of Kazakhstan?
3.What does the word "ecology" mean?
4.What will happen if we do not stop polluting the land, air and water?