The UK is situated off the north-western coast of Europe between the Atlantic
Ocean and the North Sea. It is separated from the continent by the English Channel
and the Strait of Dover. The UK is also washed by the Irish Sea, the St. George’s
Channel and the North Channel. Surroundings the British Isles by the water has
been an important protection against the invaders throughout the English history.
And certainly, it influences the climate of the country.
The UK consists of four parts and every part has its national emblem. England —
the red rose, Scotland — the thistle, Wales — the daffodil and the leek, Northern
Ireland — the shamrock. The capitals of four parts are London, Edinburgh,
Cardiff, and Belfast respectively.
One can’t describe the country without mentioning its surface. The island of Great
Britain can be divided into two main regions: Lowland Britain and Highland
Britain. Lowlands comprise southern and eastern England. Highlands include Scot-
land, Wales, the Pennines, the Lake District, and the southern peninsula of Britain.
Many rivers are flowing through Great Britain, such as the longest Severn with its
tributaries, the swiftest Spey, the busiest Thames, etc. All parts of Great Britain are
The population of the UK is over 57 million people. The official language is
English, but some people continue speaking their mother tongue: Scottish in
Western Scotland, Welsh in northern and central Wales, and Irish in Northern
The flag of the UK is made up of three crosses of the patron saints: the upright red
against a white background - St. George of England, the white diagonal against a
blue background - St. Andrew of Scotland, the red diagonal against a white
background — St. Patrick of Northern Ireland. The English people have the habit
of naming their national flag «the Union Jack».
The UK is a constitutional monachy. The Head of the State is the Queen who
reigns with the support of Parliament.
For a long time the UK has succeeded in remaining one of the important
commercial centers of the world. Nowadays the UK doesn’t depend upon
economies and industrial manufacturing of other countries.
6) Объявление домашнего задания и выставление оценок.
Relation the text and learn new words. Our lesson is over. Good-bye.
Список используемой литературы
А.С.Восковская, Т.А. Карпова. Английский язык/Учебник. Москва 2004.
Габи Гальстер, Зигрид Бруггер, пер.на русский Н.А .Ганиной. Английская
грамматика/ Учебное пособие. Москва 2011.
Дариш Кочан Английский язык за 20 минут каждый день.Учебное
С.В. Первухина. Английский язык в таблицах и схемах.Ростов