Student of 10th form << A >> from municipal autonomous educational institution
Secondary school №18
Galieva Valeria Olegovna
Some people believe nuclear power is a vital way to tackle climate change; others insist it is dirty, dangerous, uneconomic, and unnecessary. Either way, it helps what nuclear energy is and how it works—so let's forget the politics for a moment and take a closer look at the science. I'd like to tell you about nuclear industry of UK because I like this country, its history and traditions. Also, I was attracted by the condition that the work must be performed in English.
The nuclear power engineering was considered the fastest growing and most promising branch of the electric power even in 80th years of XX century.
Top-10 nuclear power stations in the world
The United Kingdom took first place in nuclear power engineering in Western Europe in 1970-80 years. But now it has 16 operating reactors, including the UK's largest Heysham nuclear power station with total capacity 9246 MW.
Calder Hall nuclear power station is the first British nuclear power station.
The first two reactors in the nuclear center in Sellafield were reactors "Vindskeyl Peyl". The power of one reactor was 180 MW.
Four reactors were the second generation of British reactors in Calder. They all were Magnox reactors gas-cooled carbon dioxide.
Information about Calder Hall nuclear power units
Type of reactors
Connecting to a network
Calder Hall -1
Calder Hall -2
Calder Hall -3
Calder Hall -4
«Today and tomorrow»
In 2008, the project on the further development of the industry and construction of 8 new reactors was drafted in the next 15 years.
In October in 1967, there was a fire at the reactor for the production of weapons-grade plutonium. This accident had been considered the most serious in the global nuclear power engineering before the incident was been at Three Mile Island in the United States.
British plans "Rosatom"
The project on two new nuclear power stations was started in England, the island Anglesey and Gloucestershire. All companies of nuclear power engineering didn’t show interest but "Rosatom" did it.
Britain intends to continue building the latest generation of nuclear power stations. On this day, there are ten nuclear power stations and they have 19 reactors in total quantity all over the UK. Most of the nuclear power stations are close to the deadline of operation, and experts will need to disable them for this reason. It is expected that the UK will already have five nuclear power stations over ten years, and each will have two reactors at least.