Конспект урока "The symbolism of the church: the church exterior and interior" 10 класс


The symbolism of the church: the church exterior and interior.
Contents:
I. Introduction.
II. Main body: The symbolism of the church
1. The church exterior
a. The shape of the church
b. Domes (cupolas)
c. The Cross
d. Types of the Cross
e. The symbolism of Christian victory
f. The sign of the cross
2. The church interior
3. Fathers
III. Conclusion
Introduction
There is a very interesting and useful tradition in our classical gymnasium to visit different
Orthodox places in our country and even abroad. During these trips our students understand how
rich the Orthodox culture is. They see churches they were constructed by outstanding artists;
they learn the names of the great Orthodox theologians of the past. What kind of people were
they? Can we see their images in our church in Electrostal? Who built our temples? What do we
people believing in GOD know about the Symbolism of the Orthodox Church, the Church
exterior and interior? Whom do we call «father» in church and why? To answer all these and a
lot of such questions is the aim of our work. We tried to give some information about definite
problems and to connect it with our town orthodox life, our churches-particularly St. Andrei
Rublyov church. We read a lot of useful and rather difficult literature, that is why we used
special dictionaries and learnt a lot of new words and phrases. We translated texts from Russian
into English, and from English into Russian. And made this work based on our new knowledge.
The main body
I. The symbolism of the church
1. The church exterior
Divine Services are celebrated in the temple. The temple is an edifice consecrated to God
which faithful gather to offer common prayer to the Lord (Luke 19:46), and to receive the
grace of God through Holy Communion and other holy Mysteries (Sacraments) (1 Cor.
11:22).
The temple is also called a church, i.e., the term which is applied to the society of believers
in Jesus Christ (1 Cor. 14:23; 1 Tim. 3:15; Acts 56:11). In the Typicon «church» most
frequently refers to what is generally called the nave the place designated for the faithful
as opposed to the place set apart for catechumens. Each Orthodox temple is a temple of God,
the house of the Lord(Luke 19:45-46).