Конспект урока "The Republic of Kazakhstan" 8 класс


Урок по английскому языку в 8 классе: The Republic of Kazakhstan
The Republic of Kazakhstan
In Focus: the development of reading and speaking skills
Equipment: A computer, a whiteboard, the presentation «Kazakhstan is our Motherland».
Theme of the lesson: My homeland is Kazakhstan.
Aims:
• to recapitulate the words on the topic and grammar
(Passive Voice);
• to practice reading the text for the information;
• to develop reading, listening and speaking skills;
• to bring up patriotism and love for the Motherland;
• to teach the children to help each other.
1. Organization moment: Good morning. Today at the lesson we’ll speak about Kazakhstan, our
Motherland. You’ll be able to read the text, to listen to the song and to speak about our country.
You’ll work in four groups. I want you to remember the rules of our English lessons. Look and
read after me all together:
1. Be active!
2. Be friendly and tolerant!
3. Help each other!
4. Talk English all the time!
First of all answer my questions.
2. Warming up. T —P1 P2 P3 P4…
Where are you from?
Were you born in Kazakhstan?
What is the capital of Kazakhstan?
What part of the country do you live?
What can you say about the geography of the country?
You should recapitulate some words to tell more about our Motherland.
3. Recapitulation of the words on the topic.
a). Match the word and its definition:
1).area a. a part of a place or a region of a country used for special purpose.
2).agriculture b. a line along or around with another country or area.
3).border c. the number of people living in a particular area.
4).independent d. useful things that a country or a person has and can use to increase the wealth.
5).reservoir e. a large amount of something that is available to be used.
6).population f. free from political control by other countries.
7).sovereign g. free to govern itself, completely independent
8).resources h. farming which means growing things and keeping animals.
The keys: 1)a; 2)h; 3)b; 4)f; 5)e; 6)c; 7)g; 8)d.
b). Write 3 forms of the verbs:
Example: to populate populated populated
To tell
To find
To speak
To move
To situate
To rename
To establish
4. Grammar revision Passive Voice.
a). Let’s recapitulate English grammar. Do you remember how Passive Voice is formed? Look
here, please:
Passive Voice = be + V3
Present Simple =am, is, are + V3 (e.g. Kazakhstan is situated in the Central Asia.)
Past Simple = was, were + V3 (e.g. Akmola was renamed Astana in 1998.)
b). Look at the table and make up as many sentences as you can.
Example: Kazakhstan is populated by people of different nationalities.
I
The pupils
Kazakhstan
The capital of Kazakhstan
Akmola
Gold
Russian
Oil
am
is
are
was
were told
spoken
moved
found
situated
renamed
populated
established to make a report about Kazakhstan.
In the Central Asia.
as the Republic in December 1991.
to Akmola.
In some parts of the country.
by people of different nationalities.
As the language of mutual communication.
Astana, the Kazakh word for capital.
The work is done well. It’s time to relax. We are going to listen to the song.
5. Listening of the song «Here is my hand».
a). Before listening pay attention to the words:
youth promise comrade homeland bonny = beautiful
to break broke broken
b). Listen to the song. Be ready to answer the questions.
1. The song is about homeland, isn’t it?
2. What is the homeland like? Is it bonny and friendly?
3. What do all people have in common? Are they comrades and friends building the future?
4. Is peace our true future?
5. Kazakhstan is a peaceful country, isn’t it?
Here is my hand
Here is my hand, friend, here is my hand,
Over to you from my bonny homeland;
Building the future, comrades, are we,
Here is my hand, friend, over the sea.
Over to you, friend, over to you!
Here is my hand, friend, we will be true,-
True to youth’s promise never to break,
True to the new world we’re going to make.
Here is my hand, friend, over to you!
Building the future, we will be true
True to the new world, let it ring clear,
Peace is our future, peace must live here!
6. Reading of the text «Kazakhstan»
a). There are some key words for the text. They are boldfaced in the reading. Pronounce them
after me and discuss their meaning:
Mutual is shared by two or more people.
Hospitality means friendly and generous behaviour towards guests.
National is connected with a particular nation.
Flora means all the plants growing in a particular place.
Fauna means all the animals living wild in a particular place.
b). Guess the meaning of the words. Look them up in the dictionary if necessary:
copper oil natural gas gold silver iron lead nickel tin uranium zinc
c). Read the text and try to remember as much information as possible.
Kazakhstan (Part 1)
The Republic of Kazakhstan is situated in the Central Asia. Kazakhstan was established as the
republic of Kazakhstan in December 1991. The country is the second largest of the former Soviet
republics with a total area of over 2753000 square kilometers. Its population is about 16 million.
The population mostly lives in towns and large villages.
Kazakhstan borders China, Russia, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, and Kirgizia. There is a long
border coast line on the Caspian Sea in the Southwest. Kazakh is the state language of the
country, but it is not the only language which people speak in the country. Russian is the
language of mutual communication among the people of different nationalities. Other languages
are spoken there too.
Astana is the capital of the Republic. It is situated in the central part of the country. Almaty was
the capital until December 1997, and then it was moved to Akmola, 850 kilometres to the north-
west. In May 1998 Akmola was renamed Astana, the Kazakh word for capital. The largest cities
are Almaty, Karaganda, Shimkent, Pavlodar and Kostanay.
There are many rivers and lakes in Kazakhstan. The four rivers are the main resources of water
in the country. They are the Irtish in the east, the Syr-Daria in the southwest, the Ili in the
southeast, and the Ural in the northwest of the country. The largest lakes are the Balkhash, the
Zaysan, the Ala-Kol, and the Tengiz.
The climate of the country is strongly continental. It is cold in winter and hot in summer. Rain
usually falls in spring and in autumn. Snow falls in all areas but not at the same time. In the
south snow falls in November or December, in the north it falls as a rule in October or
November. The flora and fauna of the country are different. They depend on the climate of the
area. They are the richest in the south and poor in the north.
The country is rich in mineral resources such as copper, oil, natural gas, gold, iron, lead, nickel,
silver, tin, uranium and zinc. Agriculture takes a very important sector in the national economy.
The people grow wheat, millet, corn and cotton. Peaceful and generous, the land of the Kazakhs
has always been famous for its hospitality. People of Kazakhstan are happy to share that famous
hospitality and to show the visitors the Alatau mountains with famous Medeu; the singing sands
of the Altyn Emel National Park, Kapchagai reservoir on the Ili river, the lakes and pine forests
of Kokshetau; and Akhmed Yassaui Mausoleum in Turkestan, a lot of places of interest in
Astana. Kazakhstan is the world’s ninth largest area, has many beautiful places and rich culture.
7. Checking comprehension.
a). Discuss the following questions in your groups:
1. Where is Kazakhstan situated?
2. What is the capital of it?
3. What is the official language of the country?
4. What countries does Kazakhstan border?
5. How can you describe the climate of Kazakhstan?
6. Are there any rivers and lakes in Kazakhstan? What are the largest of them?
7. Kazakhstan is rich in mineral resources, isn’t it?
8. What have you read about the national economy?
b). Complete the sentences with the missing words in the correct form. Look through the text if
it’s necessary:
1. The total _________ of Kazakhstan is over 2753000 square kilometers.
2. Its _________ is about 16 million.
3. Kazakhstan ___________ China, Russia, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, and Kirgizia.
4. Wheat, ________, ________, and ________ are grown in Kazakhstan.
5. People of Kazakhstan are famous for their ____________.
6. Kazakh is the state _____________ of the country.
7. Russian and other _____________ are spoken in Kazakhstan too.
The keys: 1).area; 2).population; 3).borders; 4).millet, corn and cotton; 5).hospitality;
6).language; 7).languages.
c). Look at the map of Kazakhstan and speak about our Republic using the plan:
1. Geographical position.
2. Population and languages.
3. The main cities and towns.
4. Rivers and lakes.
5. The climate of the country.
6. The national economy (natural resources, agriculture)
7. Places of interest.
8. The results of the lesson. Declaration of the marks.
9. Homework: write a composition about Kazakhstan.
Find the information about the symbols of Kazakhstan (the flag, the emblem) individual tasks.