Theme: Your world
Aims: a) to show pupil’s knowledge and skills:
b) to teach to speak on a theme;
c) to develop pupil’s skills and habits in dialogue speech through asking
Teaching aids: cards.
Grammar: Present Perfect
- Good afternoon pupils!
- How are you? I am well, thank you!
- Who is absent?
We use the present perfect for:
- an action that happened at an unstated time in the past. The emphasis is on the action, the
time when it occurred is unimportant or unknown. I have washed the dishes. Ann has
been to Portugal twice.
- an action which started in the past and continues up to the present, especially with stative
verbs such as be, have, like, know etc. I have known Bill for ten years.
- a recently completed action. I have typed the letters.
- personal experiences or changes. She has put on weight.
Adverbs: already, just, never, ever, recently, lately, yet, this year (month, week, morning)
Prepositions of time: for and since
We use for when we measure time (seconds, minutes, hours, days, months, years).
He held his breath for seven minutes.
She's lived there for seven years.
The British and Irish have been quarreling for seven centuries.
We use since with a specific date or time.
He's worked here since 1970.
She's been sitting in the waiting room since two-thirty.
Stage 2. Practice.
Task 1. Fill in the gaps with ‘have’ or ‘has’.
1. I _________ answered the question.
2. She________ opened the window.
3. They _______ called us.
4. You __________ carried a box.
5. The girls _______visited the museum.
6. He _________closed the window.
7. John and Sophie ________helped in the garden.